Sinai Peninsula


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Sinai Peninsula

 

a peninsula in western Asia, situated between the Gulfs of Suez and Aqaba of the Red Sea; part of Egypt. Area, 25,000 sq km.

Mountains, composed of granites, gneisses, and schists, dominate the southern part of the Sinai Peninsula; at 2,637 m, Mount Katrinah is the highest point in Egypt. To the north the land descends to elevations of 500-1,000 m; the highly dissected rocky plateau al-’Ajmah Jabal and part of the al-Tih plateau cover most of the peninsula. A narrow, sandy lowland stretches along the Gulf of Suez.

The Sinai Peninsula has deposits of oil at Sudr, Abu-Rudays, and al-Tur and deposits of manganese ore at Umm Bugma. The climate, at the point of transition from subtropical to tropical, is hot and dry. Annual precipitation is less than 50 mm. The Sinai Peninsula has no permanent rivers, only a dense network of wadis. It has sparse desert vegetation—subshrubs and ephemeral grasses. Thornbush and isolated trees grow along the dry riverbeds. Nomadic herdsmen raise sheep, goats, and camels. Date palms, barley, millet, and maize are cultivated in the oases.

Among the best-known works of art and architecture in the Sinai Peninsula is the Monastery of St. Catherine, founded in the fourth century. The monastery has a rich collection of medieval manuscripts and Byzantine art. Its icon painters, using the wax-painting technique, created some of the oldest Christian icons (sixth century); the vivid images of the icons are reminiscent of the Fayyum portraits.

REFERENCES

Pamiatniki Sinaia arkheologicheskie i paleograficheskie, fase. 1-2. St. Petersburg-Leningrad, 1912-25.
Soteriu, G. kai M. Eikones tes mones Sina, vols. 1-2. Athens, 1956-58. (In Greek and French.) [23–1212–]
References in periodicals archive ?
BEIRUT: Hezbollah Wednesday condemned the deadly bombings in Tunis and Egypt's Sinai Peninsula which together killed at least 20 people a day earlier, blaming foreign countries for fueling terrorism in the region.
ISIL had claimed responsibility for the downing of the Russian passenger plane that crashed in Egypt's Sinai Peninsula.
The Sinai Peninsula has been witnessing a surge in militant attacks, particularly targeting military and security forces, ever since the overthrow of former president Mohamed Morsi in July 2013.
Russian Airbus-321 with 214 Russian and three Ukranian passengers and seven crew crashed in a mountainous area of Egypt~~s Sinai Peninsula on Saturday, killing everyone on board.
Emirates is currently avoiding flying over the Sinai peninsula until more information is available," said a spokesperson of Emirates airlines.
The Airbus A-321 which was operated by Russian airline Kogalymavia and carried 217 Russian passengers along with seven crew members crashed in the Sinai Peninsula shortly after it took off from the Red Sea Resort Sharm el-Sheikh early Saturday.
Some 224 people were reported to be aboard the Russian airliner that crashed earlieron Saturdayin Egypt`s Sinai Peninsula, including 217 passengers, seven crew members and 17 children.
Militants regularly set off explosives in Cairo and Alexandria, but the deadliest attacks have been in the Sinai Peninsula where troops are fighting an Islamist insurgency.
NNA - Gunmen shot dead on Wednesday three Egyptian policemen in the Sinai Peninsula, where militants regularly launch attacks on security forces, the interior ministry said.
UN SecretaryGeneral Ban Kimoon and the Security Council have strongly condemned two terrorist attacks that targeted military checkpoints in the Sinai Peninsula on Friday.
The government declared a three-month state of emergency in the northern and central Sinai Peninsula and closed the Rafah border crossing to Gaza until further notice.
Unknown assailants blew up an Egyptian pipeline in the Sinai Peninsula that carries gas to Jordan on Thursday, in the eighth attack of its kind this year, Zawya reported.