Sinai Peninsula


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Sinai Peninsula

 

a peninsula in western Asia, situated between the Gulfs of Suez and Aqaba of the Red Sea; part of Egypt. Area, 25,000 sq km.

Mountains, composed of granites, gneisses, and schists, dominate the southern part of the Sinai Peninsula; at 2,637 m, Mount Katrinah is the highest point in Egypt. To the north the land descends to elevations of 500-1,000 m; the highly dissected rocky plateau al-’Ajmah Jabal and part of the al-Tih plateau cover most of the peninsula. A narrow, sandy lowland stretches along the Gulf of Suez.

The Sinai Peninsula has deposits of oil at Sudr, Abu-Rudays, and al-Tur and deposits of manganese ore at Umm Bugma. The climate, at the point of transition from subtropical to tropical, is hot and dry. Annual precipitation is less than 50 mm. The Sinai Peninsula has no permanent rivers, only a dense network of wadis. It has sparse desert vegetation—subshrubs and ephemeral grasses. Thornbush and isolated trees grow along the dry riverbeds. Nomadic herdsmen raise sheep, goats, and camels. Date palms, barley, millet, and maize are cultivated in the oases.

Among the best-known works of art and architecture in the Sinai Peninsula is the Monastery of St. Catherine, founded in the fourth century. The monastery has a rich collection of medieval manuscripts and Byzantine art. Its icon painters, using the wax-painting technique, created some of the oldest Christian icons (sixth century); the vivid images of the icons are reminiscent of the Fayyum portraits.

REFERENCES

Pamiatniki Sinaia arkheologicheskie i paleograficheskie, fase. 1-2. St. Petersburg-Leningrad, 1912-25.
Soteriu, G. kai M. Eikones tes mones Sina, vols. 1-2. Athens, 1956-58. (In Greek and French.) [23–1212–]
References in periodicals archive ?
A militant insurgency hit the Sinai Peninsula in 2013, when the army led by Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi ousted Egypt's first freely elected president Mohamed Morsi.
The Sinai Peninsula has remained the epicenter of a militant insurgency since 2013, when the army ousted Mohamed Morsi Egypt's first freely elected President and a Muslim Brotherhood leader in a military coup.
Abdulwahab Al-Bader, director general of KFAED, said that Al-Arish, the capital city of the Sinai Peninsula, which suffers from a lack of drinking water, will also be included in the project, according to a report from WAM.
BEIRUT: Hezbollah Wednesday condemned the deadly bombings in Tunis and Egypt's Sinai Peninsula which together killed at least 20 people a day earlier, blaming foreign countries for fueling terrorism in the region.
AFP reports that Emirates, Lufthansa, and Air France announced that they are rerouting around the Sinai peninsula as the investigation into Saturday's fatal crash continues.
At least 5 Egyptian soldiers were killed in an attack on two military checkpoints by alleged militants in the north of the Sinai peninsula, according to media reports on Sunday.
President Abdul-Fattah Al-Sissi has ordered the extension of the current state of emergency in the Sinai Peninsula for a further three months, a presidential statement said on Saturday.
Al-Arish, Egypt, Jumada I 18, 1436, Mar 9, 2015, SPA -- Three Egyptian soldiers died Monday when their armoured car hit a landmine placed on a key highway in the Sinai Peninsula, dpa quoted a security official as saying.
Militants regularly set off explosives in Cairo and Alexandria, but the deadliest attacks have been in the Sinai Peninsula where troops are fighting an Islamist insurgency.
Alexandria/Ismailia: Suspected militants set off five bombs in Egypt's second city Alexandria on Tuesday and air raids afterwards in the Sinai Peninsula killed 15 suspected extremists, official sources said.
UN SecretaryGeneral Ban Kimoon and the Security Council have strongly condemned two terrorist attacks that targeted military checkpoints in the Sinai Peninsula on Friday.
The government declared a three-month state of emergency in the northern and central Sinai Peninsula and closed the Rafah border crossing to Gaza until further notice.