Singh, Manmohan

Singh, Manmohan

(mänmō`hän sĭng), 1932–, Indian economist and government official, prime minister of India (2004–14), b. Gah, West Punjab. Educated at the universities of Punjab, Cambridge, and Oxford, Singh taught at a number of institutions, including the Delhi School of Economics, and worked for the United Nations (1966–69). During the 1970s and 80s he held a number of government financial and economic posts, including economic adviser to the ministries of foreign trade (1971–72) and finance (1972–76) and governor of the Reserve Bank of India (1982–85), before becoming economic affairs adviser (1990–91) to Prime Minister RaoRao, P. V. Narasimha
(Pamulaparti Venkata Narasimha Rao) , 1921–2004, Indian politician, prime minister of India (1991–96), b. Hyderabad. A poet, he was active in the Indian National Congress during the struggle for independence and thereafter.
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. Appointed finance minister in 1991, Singh introduced reforms that were credited with reviving the economy and initiating a decade of growth. A technocrat rather than a politician, Singh first served in the Indian parliament's upper house in 1991 as a member of the Congress party. He became prime minister when party leader Sonia GandhiGandhi, Sonia
, 1946–, Indian politician, b. Turin, Italy, as Sonia Maino. She met Rajiv Gandhi in 1965 when they were students in Cambridge, England. They were married in 1968 and settled in his family home in India.
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 declined the office after the 2004 elections, and was the first Sikh to hold the post. His influence over his government was less than most prime ministers because of his lack of an electoral base. In the 2009 elections, Congress was returned to power with a larger plurality, and Singh remained prime minister. His government was subsequently tarnished by a series of corruption scandals, although he personally was not implicated in any of them, and Congress suffered large losses in the 2014 elections.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pritpal Singh, Sawinder Singh Dabaliya, Shah Baz Bhatti, Pakistan's Minorities Minister, Sham Singh, Balbir Singh, Manmohan Singh, Massa Singh, Syed Asif Hashmi, chairman PETPB, Syed Zahir Bhukhari, Additional secretary PETPB were present at the meeting.
F6-5 SCHWARZENEGGER, ARNOLD Celebrity Governor, Ja23-6 SEAPORTS Ports in a Storm, Ap10-4 SEARCH ENGINES Satellite Snooping (with graph), F6-5 SEASONS GeoSkills: The Change of Seasons, Mr6-22 SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO Serbia: Emerging From a Bitter Past, Ap24-10 SESSIONS, MICHAEL After-Sehool Mayor, Ja9-4 Day in the Life of a Teen Mayor, F20-6 SHARON, ARIEL Who's Who/Government Leaders, 017&24-10 SINCLAIR, UPTON (see MUCKRAKERS) SINGH, MANMOHAN Who's Who/Government Leaders, 017&24-11 SLAVERY Miles to Freedom, D12-14 SMOKING Kick Butts Day (poster), F6 Why Do Teens Smoke?