Sinhalese

(redirected from Sinhala)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Sinhalese

(sĭn'həlēz`), language belonging to the Indic group of the Indo-Iranian subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages. An alternate spelling for Sinhalese is Singhalese. See Indo-IranianIndo-Iranian,
subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages, spoken by more than a billion people, chiefly in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Iran, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka (see The Indo-European Family of Languages, table).
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Sinhalese

 

a nation (in the historical sense), the basic population of the Republic of Sri Lanka. The island of Sri Lanka has 9.2 million Sinhalese (1973, estimate). Anthropologically the Sinhalese belong to the Europeoid race and are related to the peoples of northern India. They speak the Sinhalese language. Most are Buddhists; some are Christians, mainly Catholics. Usually the Sinhalese are divided into two groups: low-country Sinhalese and Kandyan Sinhalese, who inhabit the mountains. The Kandyans acquired their name from the city of Kandy, the capital of the last independent Sinhalese kingdom, which was annexed by Great Britain in 1815. They have retained some archaic features in their present way of life. Most Sinhalese are farmers; those living along the coasts engage in fishing. The Sinhalese also constitute the country’s basic stratum of government employees.

REFERENCE

Narody luzhnoi Azii. Moscow, 1963. [23–1219–]

Sinhalese

 

the language of the Sinhalese, the principal population of Sri Lanka, who live mainly in the southwestern and central regions of the island. Sinhalese is spoken by approximately 9 million persons (1973, estimate).

Sinhalese belongs to the Indo-Aryan group of the Indo-European languages and derives from Sinhalese Prakrit. Phonetically, there is a tendency toward vowel harmony. The morphological structure has strong elements of agglutination and new inflection; declension is well developed. The vocabulary contains numerous borrowings, mainly from the Dravidian languages but also from the Western European languages. The writing system is based on one of the variations of southern Indian script. The oldest inscriptions date to the third century B.C., and the oldest literary text dates to the ninth century A.D. The literary language, which developed in the 13th and 14th centuries, survived in its old form until the 19th century. Later, a new form of the Sinhalese literary language, containing a large number of Sanskrit elements, was created on the basis of the colloquial language. There is a substantial difference between the literary language and the spoken language, which has lost conjugation.

REFERENCES

Vykhukholev, V. V. Singal’skii iazyk. Moscow, 1964. (References.)
Geiger, W. A Grammar of the Sinhalese Language. Colombo, 1938.
Matzel, K. Einführung in die Singhalesische Sprache. Wiesbaden, 1966.
Gair, J. W. Colloquial Sinhalese Clause Structures. The Hague-Paris, 1970.

V. N. TOPOROV

Sinhalese

, Singhalese
1. a member of a people living chiefly in Sri Lanka, where they constitute the majority of the population
2. the language of this people, belonging to the Indic branch of the Indo-European family: the official language of Sri Lanka. It is written in a script of Indian origin
References in periodicals archive ?
In a country where the embers of Sinhala nationalism fanned during the war continue to burn -- " the whole world wants to learn how the Sri Lankan Army managed to militarily wipe out the Tamil terrorists" -- such small gestures seem like momentous events, not unlike the hype around Gujarat CM Narendra Modi every time he does something that suggests ' settling' with Muslims.
The country is seen today as Sinhala Buddhist," said Sanjana Hattotuwa, editor of groundviews.
In chapter two, Blackburn explores Hikkaduve's involvement in the establishment of Vidyodaya Pirivena, a school for traditional Sinhala sastric learning.
Even though the Sinhala translation of GHQ-30 has been widely used for research purposes in Sri Lanka, details pertaining to the validation procedure have not been documented.
We have always had fear in our minds to interact with Sinhala youth, but now I do not feel any difference between us.
In Sri Lanka the Sinhala political class has made systematic efforts to politicize the ethnic relations by providing state concessions to the Sinhala ethnic nation.
The Tamils speak Tamil and the Sinhalese speak Sinhala, so the area I am going to speak a bit of both.
As revealed by the BBC Sinhala Service last week, Muraliatharan will quit Test cricket after the first Test of the home series against India this month.
Jayaratne also told parliament on Wednesday that the government would set up a reconciliation commission to foster ethnic unity between the majority Sinhala and minority Tamil ethnic groups.
ISLAMABAD, February 06, 2010 (Balochistan Times): Radio Pakistan has launched Nepali, Sinhala and Tamil language programmes from its external services.
He was supported by a coalition of the major United National Party and smaller Tamil and Muslim parties and the Sinhala extremist party, Janatha Vimukthi Party.
Berkwitz provides an annotated translation of the Sinhala Thupavamsa.