Siouan


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Siouan

(so͞o`ən), branch of Native American languages belonging to the Hokan-Siouan linguistic family, or stock, of North and Central America (including Mexico). See Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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Siouan

 

a large family of languages spoken by many North American Indian tribes, which in the 17th and 18th centuries occupied an extensive area from the Mississippi River in the east to the Rocky Mountains in the west and from the Saskatchewan River in the north to the Arkansas River in the south.

The Sioux tribes were divided into three linguistic groups: Chiwere (the Iowa, Oto, and Missouri tribes), Dhegiha (the Kansa, Quapaw, Omaha, Osage, and Ponca), and Mandan (the Winnebago, Dakota, Crow, Mandan, and Hidatsa). Before the discovery of North America by Europeans, the ancestors of the Sioux lived in the southeast of North America and were among the founders of an advanced agricultural culture. Today’s Sioux Indians, who number approximately 100,000 (1973, estimate), are scattered on reservations in the USA and Canada. Working for hire is their main source of livelihood. The Sioux are active participants in the American Indian national liberation movement. [23–1432–]

References in periodicals archive ?
In addition to these variations and conflicts among Virginia's Algonquian-speaking peoples, the Iroquoian and Siouan speakers who represented the primary (non-English) threats to Algonquian hegemony provide further proof of the nature of precontact relations among Virginia Indians.
Research endeavors like the University of North Carolina's Siouan Project must become the norm if we are to make significant breakthroughs.
Originally, there were seven nations of people who all spoke mutually understandable dialects of the Siouan language.
But, named after the Maha tribe of the Siouan Indian, meaning "those going against the current of the wind," when all eyes were open, Omaha began to focus on a public safety strategy.
They were linguistically related to the Menominee, but culturally the latter were much closer to their neighbors in the Green Bay area--the Winnebago Indians--who may have numbered close to 4,000, even though this tribe was the sole representative this far east of the Siouan linguistic stock that was most commonly associated with tribes much farther west.
12) when indeed all divisions spoke dialects of the Siouan language.
Lowie, Indians of the Plains 96-97 (1954) (referring to the tribes of the Crow, Hidatsa, Mandan, and Pawnee); Terrell & Terrell, supra note 68, at 28-29 (matrilineal tribes included Iroquois, Siouan, Mohegan, Delaware, Powhatan, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Seminole, Caddoan linguistic family, Pawnee, Hidatsa, Mandan, Oto, Missouri, Crow, Navajo Hopi, Laguna, Acoma, and Zuni).
The Way to Independence" offers an intimate view into the lives of three members of the Hidatsa tribe, a Siouan people living on the Missouri River in North Dakota at the turn of the century.
This is, for instance, the case of the following languages: Siouan (from the Macro-Siouan phylum), Algonquian (from the Macro-Algonquian phylum, probably the most extended family of native languages in North America), Muskhogean (of the Macro-Algonquian phylum), Salishan (to which Bella Coola belongs), Shoshonean (of the Uto-Aztecan family, the Numic-Plateau-Shoshonean group), Wakashan (to which belong Kwakiutl and Nootkan), Caddoan (of the Macro-Siouan phylum), Athapascan(-eyak) (of the NaDene phylum, to which also belong Navajo and Chipewyan).
The long rectangular strips that made up the sides of the martingale appear to be men's legging strips in a Siouan style.
The Indians of Robeson County do not historically claim descent from a single indigenous group, though they have periodically stressed their connection to one group such as the Sioux or Cherokee for political reasons and have been variously recognized as Croatan, Cherokee, Siouan, and Lumbee.