Anthony Eden

(redirected from Sir Anthony Eden)

Eden, Anthony

 

(Earl of Avon). Born June 12, 1897, in Windleston, Durham. British statesman; a leader of the Conservative Party.

Eden comes from an aristocratic family. He was educated at Eton and Oxford University and was an infantry officer during World War I. He was a Conservative member of the House of Commons from 1923 to 1957. Eden was closely involved with British foreign policy for many years. He was secretary of state for foreign affairs from 1935 until 1938, when he left this post because of differences, basically of a tactical character, with Prime Minister N. Chamberlain, who was carrying out a policy of encouraging Germany’s fascist aggression. He was secretary of state for dominion affairs in 1939–40 and was secretary of state for foreign affairs in W. Churchill’s coalition cabinet from 1940 to 1945. Eden took part in the work of the Tehran Conference in 1943, in the Crimea [Yalta] and Potsdam conferences in 1945, and in other international conferences. He was again secretary of state for foreign affairs from 1951 to 1955 and was prime minister from April 1955 to January 1957. He attached primary importance to the preservation of Great Britain’s colonial position. Eden was one of the initiators of the Anglo-French-Israeli aggression against Egypt in 1956. After its failure, he was compelled to retire and to withdraw from active political life. He received the title of lord in 1961.

A. M. BELONOGOV

References in periodicals archive ?
During her reign, Her Majesty has given regular audiences to 12 Prime Ministers - Winston Churchill, Sir Anthony Eden, Harold Macmillan, Sir Alec Douglas-Home, Harold Wilson, Edward Heath, James Callaghan, Margaret Thatcher, John Major, Tony Blair, Gordon Brown and David Cameron.
This week in history January 10, 1957: Harold Macmillan accepts the Queen's invitation to become Prime Minister following the resignation of Sir Anthony Eden.
Disagreements have occurred, as with Eisenhower's intervention in the illegal Suez operation by Sir Anthony Eden, Harold Wilson's refusal to put UK troops in Vietnam for Johnson, and even Thatcher's dispute with Reagan when the US invaded the British crown colony Grenada.
But six years after it first went on the market, the birthplace of former prime minister Sir Anthony Eden sold for just a fraction of its original valuation at PS241,000.
Tory politics unnerve me as the Conservative Party has regicide in its DNA - ask Edward Heath, Sir Anthony Eden and Mrs Thatcher, also William Hague, IDS and Michael Howard.
When Sir Anthony Eden sought to retake control of the Suez Canal, president Eisenhower could scarcely credit his arrogance.
It was then commentator Bjorge Lillelien ranted: "Lord Nelson, Lord Beaverbrook, Sir Winston Churchill, Sir Anthony Eden, Clement Attlee, Henry Cooper, Lady Diana, we have beaten them all.
One of history's moments recalls Sir Anthony Eden calling back Henry Liddell Hart after Hart had submitted his fifth plan to address what Britain calls the Suez Crisis in 1956.
The Gazette report said: "Britain has decided to accede to the Turkey-Iraqi pact signed in Baghdad on February 24, Sir Anthony Eden announced in the House of Commons today.
KING RAT Osborne BOX SEAT Larry gazes out the window at No 10 ON THE PROWL Larry passes pics of Sir Anthony Eden and Sir Alec Douglas-Home HIDING PLACE On the look-out for rodents
According to The Sun, academics led by University of Leeds Professor Kevin Theakston rated him tenth out of the 12 post-war premiers, ahead of Sir Anthony Eden and Sir Alec Douglas-Home, two men who have long been associated with failure.