Douglas Mawson

(redirected from Sir Douglas Mawson)
Sir Douglas Mawson
Birthday
BirthplaceShipley, West Yorkshire, England, United Kingdom
Died
Nationality Australian
Occupation
Geologist, chemistry demonstrator, Antarctic explorer, academic
EducationRooty Hill and Fort Street Model School, Sydney, New South Wales
Known for First ascent of Mount Erebus. First team to reach the South Magnetic Pole. Sole survivor of Far Eastern Party

Mawson, Douglas

 

Born May 5, 1882, in Bradford, Great Britain; died Oct. 14, 1958, in Adelaide, Australia. Australian geologist and antarctic explorer.

After graduating from the University of Sydney in 1904, Mawson taught at the University of Adelaide from 1905, becoming a professor there and head of the subdepartment of geology (1920–54). He participated in three major antarctic expeditions. The first expedition (1907–09) was led by E. Shackleton, and Mawson himself headed the second (1911–14) and third (1929–31) expeditions. In Antarctica, Mawson discovered and mapped more than 200 geographic entities, including Queen Mary Land, Mac-Robertson Land, Princess Elizabeth Land, and Banzare Coast (the acronym for British, Australian, and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition).

Mawson’s principal works deal with the geology and glaciology of eastern Antarctica and southern Australia, including Precambrian stratigraphy, geochemistry, and mineralogy. Mawson was the editor of the scientific works published by the British, Australian, and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition of 1929–1931. He was a member of the London Royal Society (1923), president of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Scientific Progress (1932), and a member of several foreign learned societies. A number of places in Antarctica have been named after Mawson, including a polar station, a peninsula, a coast, and a sea.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
V strane purgi. Leningrad, 1935.
Rodina snezhnykh bur’. Moscow, 1967.

REFERENCES

Suziumov, E. M. Zhizn’, otdannaia Antarktide. Moscow, 1960.
Suziumov, E. M. Duglas Mouson i Antarktika. Leningrad, 1970.
Mawson, Paquita. Mawson of the Antarctic: The Life of Sir Douglas Mawson. London, 1964.
References in periodicals archive ?
For Australia, 2014 is significant because it marks the centenary of Sir Douglas Mawson, who led the epic Australasian Antarctic Expedition.
Not only are we celebrating Captain James Cook's feat, we are honouring a long and intrepid line of historic explorers: Englishmen Sir Ernest Shackleton and Robert Falcon Scott, Norwegian explorers Roald Amundsen and Fridtjof Nansen, and of course the great Australian Sir Douglas Mawson, to name a few.
The trip on the Akademik Shokalskiy was aimed at emulating a 1911-1914 expedition by the Australian explorer, Sir Douglas Mawson and Frenot said "this kind of commemorative expedition has no interest from a scientific point of view".
Passengers were primarily Australian researchers and tourists, who set off from New Zealand on November 28 with the intention of gathering data on global warming and commemorating the 100 year anniversary of the Antarctic trip made by Australian explorer Sir Douglas Mawson.
The Akademik Shokalskiy is carrying scientists and tourists who are following the Antarctic path of explorer Sir Douglas Mawson a century ago and Peacock, the expedition's doctor, said the work was continuing.
This was followed by flights by Lars Christensen in 1929, and Sir Douglas Mawson in 1929-31.
FAMOUS explorer Sir Douglas Mawson is reported to have taken along a supply of bottled Guinness on an Antarctic expedition in 1911.
Tasmania is also covered in two chapters, and Sir Douglas Mawson in Antarctica likewise.
Australian explorer Sir Douglas Mawson established Cape Dension as the windiest place in the world so the Blizzard crew can expect testing conditions.
The remains of a historic camp are still there - a weathered, uninhabitable hut left by Sir Douglas Mawson, who set out from 1911-13 to claim the territory for Australia.
The ship was following the track explored by Australia's Sir Douglas Mawson a century ago.
Its passengers, who had been following in the Antarctic footsteps of Australian Sir Douglas Mawson and his 1911-1914 expedition, remain safe and well on their well-provisioned vessel, the safety authority said.