Sir Edward Coke


Also found in: Legal, Wikipedia.

Coke, Sir Edward

(ko͝ok), 1552–1634, English jurist, one of the most eminent in the history of English law. He entered Parliament in 1589 and rose rapidly, becoming solicitor general and speaker of the House of Commons. In 1593 he was made attorney general. His rival for that office was Sir Francis Bacon, thereafter one of Coke's bitterest enemies. He earned a reputation as a severe prosecutor, notably at the trial of Sir Walter Raleigh, and held a favorable position at the court of King James I. In 1606 he became chief justice of the common pleas. In this position, and (after 1613) as chief justice of the king's bench, Coke became the champion of common law against the encroachments of the royal prerogative and declared null and void royal proclamations that were contrary to law. Although his historical arguments were frequently based on false interpretations of early documents, as in the case of the Magna Carta, his reasoning was brilliant and his conclusions impressive. His constant collisions with the king and the numerous enmities he developed—especially that with Thomas Egerton, Baron EllesmereEllesmere, Thomas Egerton, Baron,
1540?–1617, jurist and statesman. A distinguished early career at law brought him appointment (1581) as solicitor general, and he became a favorite and adviser of Queen Elizabeth I.
..... Click the link for more information.
, the chancellor—brought about his fall. Bacon was one of the foremost figures in engineering his dismissal in 1616. By personal and political influence, Coke got himself back on the privy council and was elected (1620) to Parliament, where he became a leader of the popular faction in opposition to James I and Charles I. He was prominent in the drafting of the Petition of Right (1628). His most important writings are the Reports, a series of detailed commentaries on cases in common law, and the Institutes, which includes his commentary on Littleton's Tenures.
References in periodicals archive ?
As the storyline continues, the exhibition will focus on the Magna Carta's rediscovery in the 17th century, when English jurists, especially Sir Edward Coke, made the Magna Carta into the fundamental source of constitutional guarantees of individual liberties; the Magna Carta's adoption and interpretation in Colonial America; and the Magna Carta's influence on the creation of American written constitutions.
The Speaker of the House was Sir Edward Coke, the foremost jurist of his time.
As a kid, he picked up French and Dutch from neighborhood immigrants and learned shorthand, a valuable skill that caught the eye of the famous jurist and champion of civil rights, Sir Edward Coke, who sponsored the young man's education.
It was the English Jurist Sir Edward Coke who once wrote "For a man's house is his castle .
For example, in 1614 Sir Edward Coke, who was by then the
Sidestepping genuinely influential seventeenth-century political authors such as Sir Edward Coke, John Pym, or Henry Parker, or William Blackstone in the eighteenth century, however, he plucks Charles Dallison and John Sadler from obscurity, arguing that they "merit brief mention for what they had to say about the judiciary's role in this [seventeenth-century English] constitutional schema" (p.
With this assumption in mind, Houliston proceeds to analyze what he takes to be the key documents of Persons's writing career, notably the Brief Discours, the Christian Directory itself, Philopater and associated works, the Conference about the Next Succession to the Crown of England, his attacks on John Foxe and Sir Edward Coke, some of his contributions to the Archpriest controversy, and finally his engagement in the debate over the Jacobean oath of allegiance of 1606.
Topics include the significance of the Magna Carta for English constitutionalism; the "ancient constitution" and the sources of the common law jurisprudence of Sir Edward Coke (1552-1634), the traditions of constitutional discourse involved in the 17th century struggle between the English Parliament and the English Crown, and the manifestations of common law and ancient constitutionalism in legal thought from the Glorious Revolution of 1688 to the founding of the United States.
But the quote's author, 16th Century jurist Sir Edward Coke, was writing in far different circumstances that today.
Founding Father John Adams was the foremost American scholar of Sir Edward Coke.
The author gives much attention to the background: the Reformation itself, the developing contest between Puritans and traditionalists, the role of James I and of Sir Edward Coke, a resilient social structure, the role of the gentry etc.
In 1644, English jurist Sir Edward Coke (1552-1634) was quoted as saying: 'For a man's house is his castle, et domus sua cuique tutissimum refugium' ('One's home is the safest refuge for all').