Sir George Cayley


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Cayley, Sir George,

1773–1857, British scientist. He is recognized as the founder of aerodynamics on the basis of his pioneering experiments and studies of the principles of flight. He experimented with wing design, distinguished between lift and drag, formulated the concepts of vertical tail surfaces, steering rudders, rear elevators, and air screws, and built the world's first glider capable of carrying a human (1853). Cayley was also a founder of the Regent Street Polytechnic, London.
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FLYING START: At the opening of the new Yorkshire Air Ambulance centre in Elland are (from left) twins Josephine Bertolini and Sir Digby Cayley - descendants of aerial navigation pioneer Sir George Cayley (above left) - with Lord Lieutenant of West Yorkshire Dr Ingrid Roscoe and YAA Chairman Peter Sunderland (JH070510Dair)
The original aircraft was pioneered by Sir George Cayley -50 years before the Wright Brothers made their famous flight.
The offices have been named after Sir George Cayley, the Yorkshireman who pioneered the principles of flying, described as the father of aerial navigation.
Working with the mathematical equations of 19th-century Frenchman (later US citizen) Octave Chanute and with the knowledge of 18th-century Englishman Sir George Cayley, the father of aeronautical science, the Wrights applied scientific principles to mathematical calculation and designed a wing of such finesse that it had the lifting qualities of a gossamer dragonfly.