Sir George Cayley


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Cayley, Sir George,

1773–1857, British scientist. He is recognized as the founder of aerodynamics on the basis of his pioneering experiments and studies of the principles of flight. He experimented with wing design, distinguished between lift and drag, formulated the concepts of vertical tail surfaces, steering rudders, rear elevators, and air screws, and built the world's first glider capable of carrying a human (1853). Cayley was also a founder of the Regent Street Polytechnic, London.
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Henson and Sir George Cayley - had much weakened the public interest in the subject of aerial navigation.
The building, at South Lane, is named Cayley House, after Sir George Cayley.
An introductory chapter reminds us of the important attainments of such 19th Century experimenters as Sir George Cayley, Otto Lillienthal, Octave Chanute, and the Wrights as well as other less successful pioneers; but the major thrust of the volume comes with the 1917 founding of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) with its facilities for basic research into aerodynamic, structural, and propulsion problems.
The original aircraft was pioneered by Sir George Cayley -50 years before the Wright Brothers made their famous flight.
The offices have been named after Sir George Cayley, the Yorkshireman who pioneered the principles of flying, described as the father of aerial navigation.
He begins his history with Sir George Cayley, who discovered the basic processes of flight; the contributions of Lilienthal and Chanute; and the work of the Wright brothers who concentrated on the problems of control and conducted flight tests to arrive at successful flight solutions.
But Sir George Cayley had designed his first aircraft in 1799 and achieved manned flight 50 years before Orville and Wilbur took off at Kitty Hawke.