Joseph Dalton Hooker

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Hooker, Joseph Dalton

 

Born June 30, 1817, in Halesworth; died Dec. 10, 1911, in Sunningdale. British botanist. Corresponding member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1858). Son of W. J. Hooker.

From 1839 to 1843, Hooker took part in an Antarctic expedition (Australia, New Zealand, Kerguelen, Tierra del Fuego, Falkland Islands), and from 1847 to 1851 he studied the flora of northern India and Nepal. Beginning in 1855 he was assistant director and from 1865 to 1885, director of the Botanical Gardens at Kew (a London suburb). He was president of the Royal Society of London from 1873 to 1878. He worked on C. Darwin’s collections from the Galapagos Islands and was a supporter of Darwin’s theory of evolution; Darwin adduced Hooker’s data on plant geography to prove his theory. Hooker developed evolutionary ideas in botanical geography. He was the author (with G. Bentham) of a review of genera and founder (1893) of an index, still being pub: lished, of all species of seed plants that have been described (Index kewensis).

WORKS

Genera plantarum. . . , vols. 1–3. London, 1863–83. (With G. Bentham.)
The Flora of British India, vols. 1–7. London, 1872–97.

REFERENCES

Turrill, W. B. Pioneer Plant Geography: The Phytogeographical Researches of Sir J. D. Hooker. The Hague, 1953.
Turrill, W. B. J. D. Hooker: Botanist, Explorer and Administrator. London, [1963].

D. V. LEBEDEV

References in periodicals archive ?
The descriptive part of the name is attributed to Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker (born 1817), who was a world famous botanist travelling on the Antarctic expedition of 1839.
Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker, who brought many primula and rhododendron species to Britain, lived to the ripe old age of 94 after many years travelling in India, including some time as a hostage.