Robert Walpole

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Walpole, Robert


(First Earl of Orford). Born Aug. 26, 1676, at Houghton Hall, Norfolk; died Mar. 18, 1745, in London. English state figure.

In 1701, Walpole was elected to Parliament as a member of the Whig Party, and in 1708 he was appointed secretary at war. In 1715, after George I of the house of Hanover ascended the throne, Walpole became chancellor of the exchequer, and in 1721 he became head of the government. Walpole’s policies favored the landlords and the bourgeoisie. Political corruption reached unprecedented dimensions under his administration. Walpole’s repudiation of the colonial wars elicited the disapproval of the more expansionist circles of the bourgeoisie. The expansionists provoked a war with Spain in 1740, and in 1742, after England suffered a defeat, Walpole was forced to resign.

References in periodicals archive ?
We are very pleased to have been able to help reunite Catherine the Great with Sir Robert Walpole and to celebrate their shared love of this collection of masterpieces.
Houghton Revisited', this summer's spectacular exhibition of the great paintings which once belonged to Sir Robert Walpole and have temporarily returned from Russia to their former home in Norfolk, reveals both the taste and the rapacity of Catherine the Great.
THE magnificent art collection of Britain's first prime minister, Sir Robert Walpole, sold to Catherine the Great to adorn the Hermitage in St.
Walsh attempts to make a connection between Conolly and Sir Robert Walpole.
Sir Robert Walpole has always been subjected to scribblers.
SEPTEMBER 22, 1735: Sir Robert Walpole first Prime Minister to occupy 10 Downing Street.
In 1723 Sir Richard Gough, a landowner from the Calthorpe Estate in Edgbaston, persuaded then Prime Minister Sir Robert Walpole to make a donation of PS600 from King George I.
Houghton Revisited, Houghton Hall, King's Lynn, Norfolk (until November 24): The beautiful Houghton Hall, former home of Britain's first Prime Minister Sir Robert Walpole, plays host to this exhibition, which includes work by Van Dyck and Rembrandt.
Sir Robert Walpole, our nation's first Prime Minister, failed to stop a nine-year conflict over one severed earlobe.
1735: Sir Robert Walpole, the first Prime Minister, moved into 10 Downing Street: the property was a royal gift to the office of First Lord of the Treasury (his official title).
1735: Sir Robert Walpole became the first prime minister to occupy 10 Downing Street 1951: White snake front man David Coverdale, whose hits include Is This Love?