Sir Ronald Ross


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Ross, Sir Ronald,

1857–1932, English physician, b. Almora, India. He studied malaria in India as a member (1881–99) of the Indian Medical Service, was professor of tropical medicine at University College, Liverpool, from 1902, and directed the Ross Institute and Hospital for Tropical Diseases, London, from 1926. In 1898 he demonstrated the malarial parasite (Plasmodium) in the stomach of the Anopheles mosquito; in W Africa he discovered the mosquito that transmits African fever. He received the 1902 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work on malaria and was knighted in 1911. He also published poems, novels, and mathematical studies.

Bibliography

See his memoirs (1923); J. Rowland, The Mosquito Man (1958).

References in periodicals archive ?
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SIR RONALD ROSS left a Liverpool legacy to be proud of.
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One of the most famous was in 1902 when Sir Ronald Ross became the first British winner of a Nobel prize for medicine when he discovered that malaria is carried by mosguitoes.
It became the first British medical institution to win a Nobel Prize for medicine when Sir Ronald Ross, the school's first lecturer, discovered that Malaria was transmitted by the mosquito.
n Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine's Sir Ronald Ross discovered in 1902 that malaria was transmitted by a mosquito, winning the Nobel Prize for Medicine.
Now, exactly 100 years after Sir Ronald Ross received the Nobel Prize for his work, the college has developed a new drug to tackle the potentially fatal disease.