Sisi, Abdul Fattah El-

Sisi or Sissi, Abdul Fattah El-

(äb`dəl fät`tä ĕ-sē`sē), 1954–, Egyptian military officer and government official, b. Cairo, grad. Egyptian Military Academy (1977), U.S. Army War College (M.A., 2006). Sisi served in the infantry and rose to become commander of an infantry division and then (2008) commander of the northern region of Egypt. After the ouster of President MubarakMubarak, Muhammad Hosni
, 1928–, president of Egypt (1981–2011). Air force commander (1972–75) and vice president (1975–81) of Egypt, he became president after Anwar al-Sadat was assassinated on Oct. 6, 1981.
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 (2011), Sisi was named director of military intelligence and appointed to the interim military government. In 2012 newly elected President MorsiMorsi, Mohamed
, 1951–, Egyptian engineer and political leader, grad. Cairo Univ. (B.A. 1975. M.A. 1978), Univ. of Southern California (Ph.D. 1982). He taught engineering at California State Univ., Northridge, and after returning to Egypt in 1985, at Zagazig Univ.
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 named Sisi defense minister and commander of the armed forces. When Morsi's policies led to increasing demonstrations that sought to force the president from power, Sisi kept the military neutral and then issued an ultimatum for negotiations days before ousting Morsi (July, 2013). In the subsequent interim government, headed by Adly MansourMansour, Adly Mahmud,
1945–, Egyptian judge and political leader. Educated in the law and public administration, he joined the state council in 1970, and was appointed to Egypt's supreme constitutional court in 1992.
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, Sisi was named deputy prime minister and defense minister. He was promoted to field marshal in Jan., 2014, but resigned from the military and cabinet two months later in order to run for president. He easily won the election (May), but the vote was boycotted by many Islamists, liberals, and secular activists.