Skanderbeg


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Skanderbeg:

see ScanderbegScanderbeg
or Skanderbeg
, c.1404–1468, Albanian national hero. His original name was George Castriota or Kastriotes, but the Ottomans called him Iskender Bey, and this was corrupted into Scanderbeg.
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Skanderbeg

 

(also Scanderbeg; pseudonym of George Kas-trioti). Born circa 1405; died Jan. 17, 1468. Leader of the Albanian struggle for liberation from the Ottoman conquerors. National hero of Albania.

Skanderbeg came from the influential Kastrioti (Castriota) family, a line of feudal princes. As a child he was given as hostage to the Turkish sultan Murad II; he later served in the sultan’s army. For his skill as a military commander he received the title of bey, and in honor of Alexander the Great, the name Iskender; hence Iskender-bey, or, in an altered pronunciation, Skanderbeg.

Gradually, Skanderbeg prepared for a struggle against the sultan, maintaining relations with the sultan’s domestic and foreign enemies and carrying on negotiations with J. Hunyadi. After the Hungarian army defeated the sultan’s troops in a battle near Niš on Nov. 3, 1443, he left the Turkish camp with a cavalry detachment of 300 and arrived in Dibra. Relying upon the free peasantry, who supported his call for an anti-Turkish liberation struggle, he began a campaign to drive the Turks from Albania. Within a few days he entered Kruja and on November 28 was proclaimed ruler of Kastrioti Principality. Skanderbeg drove the Turkish garrisons out of the fortresses of Pe-trela, Petralba, Steliushi, Torchan, and Svetigrad. He undertook to unify the Albanian feudal lords and within the standing army formed a people’s volunteer corps consisting primarily of peasants. Under Skanderbeg’s leadership, the Albanian people in the course of 24 years repulsed the attempts by the Ottoman conquerors to restore their rule. An extraordinarily gifted statesman, Skanderbeg overcame great domestic and foreign political difficulties caused by the separatist tendencies of the Albanian feudal lords and by the mercenary policies of Venice and the papacy. He died in Lezha. The People’s Republic of Albania has established the Order of Skanderbeg.

REFERENCE

Georgi Kastrioti-Skenderbeg, 1468-1968. Sofia, 1970. [23–1464–]
References in periodicals archive ?
RED IS DEAD: Communist flats get a new look TWI-RANA: Dusk at Skanderbeg Platz and Et'hem Bey mosque.
background to resistance leader Skanderbeg (1403-68), the youngest son
The project "Skopje 2014" and the project for Skanderbeg Square are examples of ongoing operations in the Macedonian capital, and the concept of narrative space will help to frame more precisely my ethnographic material which is awash with ethno-politics.
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Besides the national emblem of the double-headed eagle, in the banknotes of 5000 Leke (1996 issue) we come across Scandeberg, probably the most important national hero of the country, while on the back side of the banknote are presented the Kruja Castle, the helmet and the sculpture of Skanderbeg on his horse.
The company vice-president exploration, Brian Skanderbeg, said, 'Drilling to date has been slower than anticipated due to the necessity of wedging and directional drilling as well as challenging drilling conditions.
Michael Palin; BULGARIA White Brotherhood's Rila Monastery; ROMANIA Dracula's fabled home, Bran Castle; HUNGARY View of the Danube in Budapest; ESTONIA Perfect medieval town of Tallinn; CROATIA Red-roofed city of Dubrovnik sparkling in the Adriatic sunshine; LITHUANIA Skyline of the capital Vilnius; ALBANIA Skanderbeg Square in Tirana; POLAND Grabarka's Holy Mountain; BOSNIA Bridge at Mostar has been rebuilt Pictures: PICTURES COLOUR LIBRARY/ ALAMY/ BBC
During the 15th century, Albania's epic hero Skanderbeg withstood the might of the Ottoman Army here in a siege that lasted 25 years.
The findspot of the Kruje female burial was not within the boundaries of the small cemetery excavated on a hill next to the medieval fortification, but in an isolated position near the present-day Skanderbeg memorial monument in the downtown area.
There were, to begin with, the Ottoman Turks who, despite the initial and successful resistance put up by Skanderbeg (George Kastriota, 1405--68), conquered Albania in the late fourteenth and early fifteenth centuries and maintained a measure of authority until 1912; the Albanians were the last, Kadare admits, "to free themselves of the Turkish yoke.
Writing in the May-June 1999 issue of Foreign Affairs, Hedges pointed out that the KLA's ideology displays "hints of fascism on one side and whiffs of communism on the other," and its leadership includes the heirs and descendants of "the Skanderbeg volunteer SS division raised by the Nazis .
Au centre-ville, en allant de la statue de Skanderbeg jusqu'a la mosquee, et en passant par les batiments de l'occupation italienne, ou par la pyramide tombale d'Hoxha, tout l'itineraire historique d'une memoire incontestablement albanaise voisine desormais avec le reseau militaro-humanitaire qui occupe l'ancien quartier du Bloc, jadis reserve aux plus hauts fonctionnaires du regime communiste et dont on deconseillait d'ailleurs fortement la visite aux citoyens ordinaires.