Skanderbeg

(redirected from Skenderbeg)

Skanderbeg:

see ScanderbegScanderbeg
or Skanderbeg
, c.1404–1468, Albanian national hero. His original name was George Castriota or Kastriotes, but the Ottomans called him Iskender Bey, and this was corrupted into Scanderbeg.
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Skanderbeg

 

(also Scanderbeg; pseudonym of George Kas-trioti). Born circa 1405; died Jan. 17, 1468. Leader of the Albanian struggle for liberation from the Ottoman conquerors. National hero of Albania.

Skanderbeg came from the influential Kastrioti (Castriota) family, a line of feudal princes. As a child he was given as hostage to the Turkish sultan Murad II; he later served in the sultan’s army. For his skill as a military commander he received the title of bey, and in honor of Alexander the Great, the name Iskender; hence Iskender-bey, or, in an altered pronunciation, Skanderbeg.

Gradually, Skanderbeg prepared for a struggle against the sultan, maintaining relations with the sultan’s domestic and foreign enemies and carrying on negotiations with J. Hunyadi. After the Hungarian army defeated the sultan’s troops in a battle near Niš on Nov. 3, 1443, he left the Turkish camp with a cavalry detachment of 300 and arrived in Dibra. Relying upon the free peasantry, who supported his call for an anti-Turkish liberation struggle, he began a campaign to drive the Turks from Albania. Within a few days he entered Kruja and on November 28 was proclaimed ruler of Kastrioti Principality. Skanderbeg drove the Turkish garrisons out of the fortresses of Pe-trela, Petralba, Steliushi, Torchan, and Svetigrad. He undertook to unify the Albanian feudal lords and within the standing army formed a people’s volunteer corps consisting primarily of peasants. Under Skanderbeg’s leadership, the Albanian people in the course of 24 years repulsed the attempts by the Ottoman conquerors to restore their rule. An extraordinarily gifted statesman, Skanderbeg overcame great domestic and foreign political difficulties caused by the separatist tendencies of the Albanian feudal lords and by the mercenary policies of Venice and the papacy. He died in Lezha. The People’s Republic of Albania has established the Order of Skanderbeg.

REFERENCE

Georgi Kastrioti-Skenderbeg, 1468-1968. Sofia, 1970. [23–1464–]
References in periodicals archive ?
As a historian I don't recall any Albanian element in this symbol or the lion itself even if the Illyria tribes had used it but nowadays we have nothing in common with it especially after the wars of Skenderbeg.
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The President will also visit the Skenderbeg monument at the Church.
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It is a significant date in Albanian history: when the hero Skenderbeg supposedly first designated the flag, the date of Albanian independence in 1912, and the date the KLA made their first public appearance in 1997.
According to Izet Mexhiti, mayor of Municipality of Cair, there are already few proposals for locations such as the Skenderbeg square and one of the bridges will be called according to humanitarian Mother Teresa.
According to government spokesman Muhamed Hoxha, all projects at local and central level were discussed, including Skenderbeg square, the water supply in Lipkovo etc.
When it wants to justify its failures, BDI constantly reminds us of the Skenderbeg monument as if this monument was erected only to cover up their national shame, comments Remi Mislimi in Friday's commentary.
And while a whole gallery of monuments to Macedonians is put up in the Skopje square, Albanians have only Skenderbeg.
Alexander the Great and Skenderbeg earned their immortal status a long time before we began banalizing and revitalizing their importance in creating history.
DR and BDI got in a fight on Tuesday in the Parliament on the subject of whether there will be any money for Skopje's Skenderbeg square in next year's Budget.