ski jump

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ski jump

a high ramp overhanging a slope from which skiers compete to make the longest jump

Ski Jump


an artificial hill used for jumping by skiers. A ski jump consists of a scaffold, an approach, where the skier picks up speed (height, 20–80 m; length, 60–110 m; width, 3–4 m; angle of inclination, 27°–38°), a takeoff (width, 4–6 m; height, 1–4 m), a landing slope (width, 15–20 m), and an outrun. The total distance from the top of the scaffold to the outrun is usually 1½ times more than the distance of the average jump. Ski jumps are rated according to distance as 20-m and less, 20–50-m, 50–70-m, 70–90-m, and 120-m and more. Elevators or cableways are used to carry the athletes to the top of the scaffold. When there is no snow, synthetic cover is used on jumps of 50–70 m.

The largest ski jumps in the USSR are in Krasnoiarsk (more than 120 m); Nizhnii Tagil, Iuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Bakuriani (90 m); and Kirovsk, Sverdlovsk, and Bakuriani (70 m). The largest ski jumps outside the USSR are found in Planica (Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia), Obertsdorf (Federal Republic of Germany), and Kulm (Austria), all of which measure 120 m. Other major ski jumps are found in Zakopane (Poland), which measures 90 m, and Holmenkollen (Norway), which measures 70 m. Olympic ski jumps, measuring 70 m and 90 m, are located in Squaw Valley (USA), Innsbruck (Austria), Cortina d’Ampezzo (Italy), Grenoble (France), and Sapporo (Japan).

References in periodicals archive ?
6 ski jumpers underwent conservative treatment, while 2 underwent surgical treatment.
Ski jumper Charlotte Mitchell, 16, who was part of the legal battle to get the sport added in Vancouver said, "You'd think women should be equal to men.
Subsequently, Van and fourteen other highly ranked women ski jumpers sued the Vancouver Olympic Committee ("VANOC"); yet, ultimately, the Supreme Court of British Columbia, the Court of Appeal for British Columbia, and the Supreme Court of Canada determined the Canadian courts were powerless to mandate female ski jumping at the 2010 Olympic Games.
The women ski jumpers, while clearly facing gender discrimination, are not the most indigent equality claimants one can imagine.
Given the decline in the number of male competitive ski jumpers, he points out that the inclusion of women may well be needed to revitalize the sport.
While the prospect of flying off a man-made mountainside may cause your palms to sweat, seasoned ski jumpers, like those on the U.
The best ski jumpers typically come from northern European and Scandinavian countries and have names like Lars, Sigurd or the Flying Fin.
Veteran Japanese ski jumpers Masahiko Harada and Noriaki Kasai will be the first in history to represent their country in five consecutive Winter Games.
While the ski jumpers were coming down the mountain, Hammy McMillan's British men's curling team were going down the pan.
A contingent of 14 athletes, including ski jumpers Masahiko Harada, Kazuyoshi Funaki and Hiroki Yamada, departed Japan on Tuesday en route for Salt Lake City, the site of the 19th Winter Olympic Games.
From the deck of the bar at Montana Snow-bowl, 12 miles west of Missoula, you can eat homemade pizza and watch 30 ski jumpers hurtle themselves as far as 200 feet.
It is a primary goal of WSJ-USA to have women ski jumpers worldwide recognized for their accomplishments and be allowed to compete in the Olympic Winter Games.