Slavonia


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Slavonia

(sləvō`nēə), Croatian Slavonija, historic region, part of Croatia. It is a fertile agricultural and forested lowland bounded, in part, by the Drava River in the north and the Sava River in the south. Wheat and corn are the major crops, and the leading industry is food processing. It also has rich oil and natural-gas resources. The population is largely Croatian and Serbian. OsijekOsijek
, Ger. Esseg, Hung. Eszék, city (2011 pop. 108,048), in Croatia, on the Drava River. The chief city of the historic region of Slavonia, it is a river port and industrial center.
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 is the chief city. The region was originally part of the Roman province of Pannonia. In the 7th cent. a Slavic state owing allegiance to the Avars was established. With Croatia, Slavonia was united with Hungary in 1102. It came under Turkish rule in the 16th cent. and was recovered by Hungary from the Turks through the Treaty of Karlowitz (1699). As a result of the Revolution of 1848, Hungary lost Slavonia, which was made an Austrian crownland, but in 1868 Slavonia was restored to the Hungarian crown and united with Croatia. It became part of Yugoslavia in 1918. When the Yugoslav constituent republic of Croatia declared its independence in 1991, Croatian Serb and Yugoslav forces seized control of portions of Slavonia and other areas in Croatia, but by late 1995 Serbs retained control of only E Slavonia, which was returned to Croatian rule in Jan., 1998.

Slavonia

 

(Slavonija), a historical region in Yugoslavia. Some Latin sources written before the 13th century designated all Croatian lands as “Sclavonia.” Beginning in the 13th century, the term “Slavonia” was used for the lands between the right bank of the Sava River and the Drava River. Since the 17th and 18th centuries, “Slavonia” has been used to refer to the eastern part of the area bounded by the Drava, Danube, and Sava rivers. The official name for the Croatian lands from the 16th century to 1918 was the Kingdom of Dalmatia, Croatia, and Slavonia. [23–1616–]

Slavonia

a region in Croatia, mainly between the Drava and Sava Rivers
References in periodicals archive ?
But the most important area, Sector East in Eastern Slavonia, remained under firm Serb control.
For example, the US government rebuked the Boutros-Ghali for vocally opposing a Security Council directive to organize elections in the post-conflict Croatian province of Eastern Slavonia.
The forum was attended by companies from the regions of Slavonia and Baranja, mostly from the building, agriculture and chemical sectors as well as from the food industry.
Unless the world community is willing to form a neo-trusteeship such as those in Bosnia, Eastern Slavonia, Kosovo, or East Timor in order to reestablish a legitimate administration, security system, or stable society, the best that can be done is ameliorating the human suffering associated with the violence.
a sonorous list of titles was proclaimed: 'Otto of Austria, former Crown Prince of Austria-Hungary, Prince Royal of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia, of Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, Galicia, Lodomeria and Illyria; Grand Duke of Tuscany and Cracow; Duke of Lorraine, Salzburg, Styria, Carinthia, Carniola and Bukowina; Grand Prince of Transylvania, Margrave of Moravia' and on and on.
So I headed to Slavonia in the north-east for a trip around the local wine roads.
The UNPAs were established in Eastern Slavonia, Western Slavonia, and Krajina.
In 1999, Croatia brought proceedings under the Convention against Serbia, accusing it of having committed genocide in Vukovar and other parts of Eastern Slavonia.
Political parties (represented in Parliament): Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ), Social Democratic Party of Croatia (SDP), Croatian People's Party-Liberal Democrats (HNS), Croatian Peasant Party (HSS), Croatian Party of Rights (HSP), Istrian Democratic Assembly (IDS), Croatian Social Liberal Party (HSLS), Independent Democratic Serb Party (SDSS), Croatian Party of Pensioners (HSU), Croatian Democratic Alliance of Slavonia and Baranja (HDSSB), Party of Democratic Action of Croatia (SDAH).
The Kingdom of Hungary consisted of Hungary, Transylvania, Slovakia, Croatia, and Slavonia.
Events in Western Slavonia and former UN Sectors North and South further delayed the procedure", says draft opinion of report on Croatia s request for membership of the Council of Europe.
Almost half of Croatia is covered with forests, so the country does not need to import raw materials, while oak from the eastern Slavonia region is considered among the most sought-after in the world.