Slavonia

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Slavonia

(sləvō`nēə), Croatian Slavonija, historic region, part of Croatia. It is a fertile agricultural and forested lowland bounded, in part, by the Drava River in the north and the Sava River in the south. Wheat and corn are the major crops, and the leading industry is food processing. It also has rich oil and natural-gas resources. The population is largely Croatian and Serbian. OsijekOsijek
, Ger. Esseg, Hung. Eszék, city (2011 pop. 108,048), in Croatia, on the Drava River. The chief city of the historic region of Slavonia, it is a river port and industrial center.
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 is the chief city. The region was originally part of the Roman province of Pannonia. In the 7th cent. a Slavic state owing allegiance to the Avars was established. With Croatia, Slavonia was united with Hungary in 1102. It came under Turkish rule in the 16th cent. and was recovered by Hungary from the Turks through the Treaty of Karlowitz (1699). As a result of the Revolution of 1848, Hungary lost Slavonia, which was made an Austrian crownland, but in 1868 Slavonia was restored to the Hungarian crown and united with Croatia. It became part of Yugoslavia in 1918. When the Yugoslav constituent republic of Croatia declared its independence in 1991, Croatian Serb and Yugoslav forces seized control of portions of Slavonia and other areas in Croatia, but by late 1995 Serbs retained control of only E Slavonia, which was returned to Croatian rule in Jan., 1998.

Slavonia

 

(Slavonija), a historical region in Yugoslavia. Some Latin sources written before the 13th century designated all Croatian lands as “Sclavonia.” Beginning in the 13th century, the term “Slavonia” was used for the lands between the right bank of the Sava River and the Drava River. Since the 17th and 18th centuries, “Slavonia” has been used to refer to the eastern part of the area bounded by the Drava, Danube, and Sava rivers. The official name for the Croatian lands from the 16th century to 1918 was the Kingdom of Dalmatia, Croatia, and Slavonia. [23–1616–]

Slavonia

a region in Croatia, mainly between the Drava and Sava Rivers
References in periodicals archive ?
A Slavonian Grebe and Great Northern Diver remained on the Glaslyn Marshes, while Deeside's count of Twite reached 76 at Connah's Quay nature reserve.
Meanwhile most of the Slavonian grebe's population is in North America, where a large and significant decrease in numbers has led to its inclusion on the Red List.
79) that was constructed in opposition to NCFM and the simultaneous popularization of the tamburica, a Slavonian folk instrument, as being key to Croatia's Western identity.
Ideal for all types of self build projects - including large and small homes, garden rooms, stables and garages - Azelija buildings are made from FSC Slavonian oak and FSC Croatian spruce using the patented interlocking AZ beam system, which provides superior strength stability and eliminates the movement often associated with solid log construction methods.
The group saw lots of winter migrant birds including Great Northern Divers, a Slavonian Grebe, a Smew, and a fantastic sunset show put on by thousands of gulls.
Slavonian Grebe [Podiceps auritus] rather than Horned Grebe, Arctic Skua [Stercorarius parasiticus] rather than Parasitic Jaeger).
Rare breeding species particularly vulnerable to egg collectors include Slavonian and black-necked grebes, ospreys, white-tailed eagles, red kites, and red-necked phalaropes.
Vecchia Romagna Etichetta Nera is produced from trebbiano di romagna grapes matured in small oak casks for at least three years; Riserva 10 Anni is produced in a similar fashion, utilizing the "Charentais" method of slow distillation and aged for ten years in Limousin or Slavonian oak; and Riserva 15 Anni is double distilled and uses brandies aged up to 30 years.
In Scotland, eggs of rare birds, such as the white-tailed sea eagle, golden eagle, chough, osprey and slavonian grebe, are highly prized by egg collectors.
Barry Sheavills' haul included 52 extremely rare examples, including three from the Slavonian grebe of which there are only 30 known pairs.
The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), for example, took over police development efforts from the UN in the Eastern Slavonian region of Croatia and is responsible for training in Kosovo.