insomnia

(redirected from Sleep Aids)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
Related to Sleep Aids: melatonin, insomnia, diphenhydramine, sleep apnea, Unisom, Sleeping pills

insomnia,

abnormal wakefulness or inability to sleepsleep,
resting state in which an individual becomes relatively quiescent and relatively unaware of the environment. During sleep, which is in part a period of rest and relaxation, most physiological functions such as body temperature, blood pressure, and rate of breathing and
..... Click the link for more information.
. The condition may result from illness or physical discomfort, or it may be caused by stimulants such as coffee or drugs. However, frequently some psychological factor, such as worry or tension, is the cause. Mild insomnia may often be relieved by a soothing activity like reading or listening to soft music. Chronic or severe insomnia requires treatment of the underlying physical or psychological disorder. In a few, very rare cases, individuals in certain families are subject to an incurable inherited insomia caused by prions that form plaques in the thalamusthalamus
, mass of nerve cells centrally located in the brain just below the cerebrum and resembling a large egg in size and shape. The thalamus is a routing station for all incoming sensory impulses except those of smell, transmitting them to higher (cerebral) nerve centers.
..... Click the link for more information.
; the disease appears suddenly in adulthood and ultimately is fatal.

Many patients respond to the assurance that their sleeplessness is a result of normal anxieties or a treatable physical disorder. Opportunities to ventilate anxieties often ease distress and helps resume normal sleeping patterns. Elderly persons are encourage to exercise more during the day; instructed relaxation, administration of tryptophan, and intake of warm milk helps some patients sleep. Sedatives and hypnotics drugs may be employed if the sleeplessness is impairing the subject's sense of well being. Those who wake because of pain receive an analgesic at bedtime; for those who experience insomnia accompanied with depression, an antidepressant often suffices.

Insomnia

 

(also agrypnia), disturbed sleep. Insomnia manifests itself as a shortening of the period of nocturnal sleep, delay in onset of sleep, early awakening, and repeated interruption of sleep during the night. Sleep is also impaired qualitatively; it becomes more superficial, the length of deep sleep is diminished, and the balance between dream-sleep and dreamless sleep is upset. Insomnia occurs in cases of neurosis, certain cardiovascular and psychological illnesses, neuro infections, and injury to those parts of the brain that regulate the correct alternation of sleep and wakefulness. In healthy people, it may occur after great physical or mental stress, fatigue, strong emotional experiences, and similar instances. The total absence of nocturnal or daytime sleep for long durations almost never occurs.

Treatment involves adherence to the correct regimen of work and rest, the elimination of irritating factors, bathing, and exercise. The patient may be prescribed tranquilizers and, in cases of persistent insomnia, soporifics. In cases of insomnia caused by illness, treatment consists in eliminating the original illness responsible for the insomnia.

REFERENCES

Pervov, L. G. Son i ego narushenie, Moscow, 1965.
Fedotov, D. D. Son i ego rasstroistvo. Moscow, 1966.

V. S. ROTENBERG

insomnia

[in′säm·nē·ə]
(medicine)
Sleeplessness; disturbed sleep; prolonged inability to sleep.

insomnia

The inability to sleep. If you suffer from it, the solution is to look up all the terms under "standards" in this encyclopedia. Dozing should occur shortly. If that does not work... well, at least you will become the computer guru on your block!
References in periodicals archive ?
Developed by a mother and RN, with help from pediatricians who understand the importance of a good night's rest, OZzzz's Sleep Aid for Children is a natural, dietary supplement of chamomile and melatonin in a child-friendly, chewable tablet that promotes healthy sleep patterns.
Outside of the traditional remedies of warm milk and counting sheep, many sleep aids tend to leave a sense of temporary unconsciousness rather than a good night's rest.
And unlike other sleep aids, it produces no side effects.
For OTC sleep aids alone, Packaged Facts expects the total market to near the $759 million mark by 2013.
13, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- Sleep aids are pills and medical devices which enable a person suffering from sleep disorder to fall asleep.
Prescription medications used currently to treat insomnia in the short term include the newer drugs Ambien and Sonata, which Brandes said do not produce the hangover effect of some older sleep aids and do not affect takers' daytime performance.
She needed a non-habit forming solution that would allow her to wake up alert without the groggy "hangover" from other sleep aids if her children needed her.
In fact, diphenhydramine hydrochloride is the major ingredient in over-the-counter sleep aids.