sleep apnea

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Related to Sleep apnoea: sleep apnoea syndrome, Obstructive sleep apnoea

sleep apnea,

episodes of interrupted breathing during sleep. Obstructive sleep apnea is a common disorder in which relaxation of muscles in the throat repeatedly close off the airway during sleep; the person wakes just enough to take a gasping breath. This process is repeated many times during sleep and usually is not remembered the next day. Those suffering from severe obstructive sleep apnea typically complain of sleepiness, irritability, forgetfulness, and difficulty in concentrating. They may have difficulties in their occupational or social lives and be prone to motor vehicle accidents.

Most people with obstructive sleep apnea tend to be obese and snore loudly. The disorder has been medically linked to hypertensionhypertension
or high blood pressure,
elevated blood pressure resulting from an increase in the amount of blood pumped by the heart or from increased resistance to the flow of blood through the small arterial blood vessels (arterioles).
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, which in turn puts people at greater risk of heart failure and stroke. Weight reduction in persons who are overweight is an important factor in effective treatment. Alcoholic drinks near bedtime and sleeping pills should be avoided. Sometimes obstructive sleep apnea can be treated by surgically correcting the narrowing of the airway. Another option is continuous positive airway pressure, which involves wearing a mask over the nose and mouth during sleep; this treatment keeps the airway open by forcing air into the nasal passages. A different type of sleep apnea, called central sleep apnea, is believed to be caused by an abnormality in the brain's regulation of breathing during sleep.

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The main treatment for sleep apnoea is to provide a sufferer with a CPAP machine, which pumps air into a mask, keeping the airways open.
But BLF Wales said that specialist sleep services, which can diagnose sleep apnoea are not available in all parts of Wales.
Now, researchers at the Karolinska Institute in Sweden have evaluated if treatment with a low energy diet reduces moderate and severe obstructive sleep apnoea in obese men.
The study involved 63 obese men (BMI 30-40) aged 30-65 years with moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnoea who were being treated with continuous positive airway pressure (a mask designed to help breathing during sleep).
Health reporter CATHERINE VONLEDEBUR discovers what sleep apnoea is all about.
LOUD snoring is one of the most common problems associated with sleep apnoea.
Trailblazer Cephalon has been integral in expanding the wake-promotion sector with Provigil and has stimulated the market to develop more drugs for conditions such as sleep apnoea, occupational shift-work disorders, and delayed-phase circadian rhythm disorders.
Critical analysis of insomnia, excessive daytime sleepiness, narcolepsy, sleep apnoea, shift-work sleep disorder, and restless legs syndrome
Sites and sizes of fat deposits around the pharynx in obese patients with obstructive sleep apnoea and weight matched controls.
The number of women aged 20 - 70 years suffering from obstructive sleep apnoea may be as high as 50%[sup.
The symptoms of sleep apnoea present differently in women than men and include insomnia, restless legs, fatigue/daytime sleepiness, depression, headaches and muscle pain,[sup.
The possibility of sleep apnoea only arose during a chance visit to a pulmonologist for a sore throat.