Radio Free Europe

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See also: Radio Frequencies (table)Radio Frequencies
Frequency
(kHz)
Name Abbr.
10–30 Very low VLF
30–300 Low LF
300–3,000 Medium MF
3,000–30,000 High HF
30,000–300,000 Very high VHF
300,000–3,000,000 Ultra high UHF
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Radio Free Europe

(RFE), broadcasting organization established in 1950 with the stated mission of promoting democratic values and institutions. Its original purpose was to broadcast news to countries behind the "Iron Curtain" during the cold warcold war,
term used to describe the shifting struggle for power and prestige between the Western powers and the Communist bloc from the end of World War II until 1989. Of worldwide proportions, the conflict was tacit in the ideological differences between communism and
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. In 1975, it was merged with Radio Liberty (RL), a similar enterprise that broadcast to the peoples inside the Soviet Union. RFE receives most of its funding from the U.S. Congress. Until 1971, the funds were channeled through the Central Intelligence Agency; since that time the funds have been received in the form of grants through the Broadcasting Board of Governors of the U.S. Information Agency. The collapse of the USSR brought about changes including budget cuts and the relocation of headquarters from Munich, Germany, to Prague, the Czech Republic, in 1995. Since then broadcasts have been ended in some areas but added in others. They are now sent primarily to E Europe, Russia, the Caucasus, Central Asia, Afganistan, and Iran. They continue to include news, political commentaries, sports, and music, and to be written, produced, and broadcast by nationals from the audience countries. RFE/RL now broadcasts over shortwave, AM/FM, and television channels, and the Internet.

Bibliography

See R. Holt, Radio Free Europe (1958); A. A. Michie, Voices through the Iron Curtain (1963); D. Shanor, The New Voice of Radio Free Europe (1968).