Slovak


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Related to Slovak: Slovak language, Slovak people

Slovak

the official language of Slovakia, belonging to the West Slavonic branch of the Indo-European family. Slovak is closely related to Czech, they are mutually intelligible

Slovak

 

the language of the Slovaks, who live primarily in the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic. According to the 1970 census, there are approximately 4.2 million speakers of Slovak, including 3.9 million in Slovakia.

Slovak belongs to the group of West Slavic languages and has three dialects: Western, Central, and Eastern. In its structure, Slovak is close to Czech; it also resembles the South Slavic languages in a number of features. Phonetic peculiarities include the separate vowel ä, the consonants dz and , the diphthongs ô (uo), ia, iu, and ie, and the opposition of l and l’. There are oppositions of vowels based on length (a-á, o-ó, u-ú, and i-í) and of the liquid consonants (r-ŕ, l-ĺ). Slovak features a rhythmic principle according to which long syllables may not appear consecutively within a word. Its morphological structure is characterized by a high degree of regularity in declensional and conjugational forms; for example, the endings -m in the first person singular of verbs, -om in the instrumental singular of masculine and neuter nouns, and -u in the genitive singular of masculine nouns in -a. Slovak is also characterized by the loss of the nominal forms of adjectives. The language has preserved the forms of the pluperfect.

Slovak is written in the Latin alphabet using a number of diacritics. The oldest documents date from the 15th and 16th centuries. The fundamentals of the modern literary language were established in the 1840’s based on the Central Slovak dialect, which unites the cultures of the other dialect groups.

REFERENCES

Selishchev, A. M. Slavianskoe iazykoznanie, vol. 1. Moscow, 1941.
Stanislav. J. Dejiny slovenského jazyka, vols. 1-5. Bratislava, 1956–73.
Pauliny, E. Dejiny spisovnej slovenčiny, vol. 1. Bratislava, 1971.
Morfológia slovenského jazyka. Bratislava, 1966.
Pauliny, E., J. Ružička, and J. Štolc. Slovenská gramatika, 5th ed. Bratislava. 1968.
Isačenko, A. V. Slovensko-ruský prekladovy slovnik. vols. 1-2. Bratislava, 1950–57.
Slovník slovenského jazyka, vols. 1-6. Bratislava, 1959-68.

L. N. SMIRNOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Other Slovak Paralympic skiersMiroslav Haraus with guide Maros Hudik won in the total from the super-G and slalom rounds.
As a subsidiary of Deutsche Telekom, Slovak Telekom offers fixed and mobile products and services to residential and enterprise customers across Slovakia.
This is a prestigious appointment since it is done by the Slovak government and ratified by the President of India.
The post Five dead, 23 injured in Slovak bus crash in Serbia appeared first on Cyprus Mail .
Advisers" were sent from Germany to intervene in all parts of Slovak political and public life.
A comprehensive overview of the Slovak economy and demographics
He added that the chamber is committed to provide all possible facilities to Slovak investors looking to invest in Dubai.
The Slovak branch activities are focused mainly on the R-projects (RISM, RILM, and RidIM) and within two other commissions: Public Libraries Commission of the SNB of IAML and the Cataloguing and Bibliographic Commission of the SNB of IAML.
The Slovak Foreign Minister will inaugurate the premises of its Honorary Consulate at Lahore.
As a part of the agreement, financial details of which were not available, Slovak Telekom is operating multiple transponders at the Intelsat 1 degree West premier video neighbourhood.
A spokesperson for the Slovak Banking Association said, 'High figures vis-a-vis the adequacy of banks' own funds, and their rise in spite of the crisis, is another factor attesting to the soundness of Slovak banks.
Prime Minister Robert Fico and Foreign Minister Miroslav Lajcak have concluded negotiations with Iranian First Vice President Eshaq Jahangiri in Tehran," said the Slovak prime minister's spokeswoman, Beatrice Hudakova.