electronic paper

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electronic paper

(1) A generic term for an extremely thin flexible display that can be rolled up. There are several technologies in the works, and this type of display is expected to become mainstream by 2015.

The Smartphone in a Pen
This OLED display screen unrolled out of a pen may seem far fetched, but such products are expected to be commercialized in a few years (see OLED). (Image courtesy of Universal Display Corporation, www.universaldisplay.com)

(2) A paper-thin display technology that uses charged black and white elements oriented toward the viewer when a charge is applied and which retain their formation without power. The first electronic paper was developed at Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center (www.parc.com) in the 1970s. It used a thin sheet of Xerox Gyricon plastic, containing millions of charged beads with black and white hemispheres. When the paper was fed through a "printer," a voltage pattern was applied, and the beads were oriented toward their black or white side, or half way for gray. Although the Gyricon Media Inc. subsidiary was created to develop the technology, it never worked well enough to become a product.

Another Approach
In the 1990s, another electronic paper technology was developed at MIT Media Labs that placed the black and white elements inside a microcapsule. E Ink Corporation was created in 1997 to further develop and market the method, and it succeeded (see E Ink).

The First Electronic Paper
Nick Sheridan, who invented the electronic paper at PARC, and Fereshteh Lesani show the first roll of paper produced by 3M. (Image courtesy of Palo Alto Research Center.)

As Sharp as Paper
In 2008, Epson demonstrated a super-high-resolution prototype display using E Ink technology. At 385 dpi, this 13.4" display provides an outstanding 3104 x 4128 pixel resolution. (Image courtesy of Seiko Epson Corporation.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The special Smartpaper comes in a variety of formats, from 3x3 sticky notes to letter size multi-page journals, and the company also offers the ability to print your own paper.
3, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- Ziff Davis Enterprise, a leader in innovative enterprise IT media and engagement solutions, announced today that it has launched an updated SmartPaper platform, a high-impact engagement marketing solution originally released in July 2010.
In another development the Ajman Free Zone Authority signed a contract with Keross LLC to launch the SmartPaper system across its departments.
Tecom Investments has announced the launch of Tecom SmartPaper, a new customer service portal for ensuring faster and more accurate processing of all government services operations.
According to Smartpaper Networks Corporation, an electronic media platform created by the company makes it possible.
All interactions with the SmartPaper are tracked, offering a higher level of buyer intelligence and insight into customer pain points than is available through standard white paper programs.
SmartPaper, a reusable monochromatic display material, is electrically writeable and erasable, and requires power only when information changes.
Combined with the use of the patent- pending SmartPaper, Digital Pen and Traffic Server, the M3 Workflow Application renders a unique process for the electronic transfer of data from paper to computers without the complexity and burden of handheld devices or unfamiliar interfaces, while at the same time maintaining flexibility in adapting to the health care environment's established and time honored protocols.
SmartPaper is a reusable monochromatic display material that is electrically writeable and erasable and requires power only when information changes, thus ensuring extended battery life.
Additional information about Gyricon, LLC, SmartPaper technology, and integrated display solutions can be found at http://www.
April 27 /PRNewswire/ -- Smartpaper Networks Corporation, developer of a unique, patented technology platform integrating print and digital media, has appointed Terry L.
By utilizing SmartPapers, our proprietary version of Alinean's Interactive White Paper, marketers can deliver more personalized and more impactful results to potential buyers that will ultimately lead to deeper engagements and higher lead conversions.