Sunda Islands

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Sunda Islands

(sŭn`də), mainly in Indonesia, between the South China Sea and the Indian Ocean, comprising the western part of the Malay ArchipelagoMalay Archipelago,
great island group of SE Asia, formerly called the East Indies. Lying between the Asian mainland and Australia, and separating the Pacific Ocean from the Indian Ocean, it includes Brunei, Indonesia, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and E Malaysia.
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. It includes two main groups: the Greater Sunda Islands, to which belong the largest islands of Borneo, Sumatra, Java, and Sulawesi; and the Lesser Sundas, which lie E of Java and include Sumbawa, Flores, Timor, and Sumba (the largest islands). Bali and Lombok, although smaller, are the most important of the Lesser Sundas. The Lesser Sundas, which were renamed Nusa Tenggara [southeastern islands] in 1954, form two provinces within Indonesia. Malaysia, Brunei, and East Timor are the other nations wholly or partially in the Sunda Islands. The Sunda Strait, 20 to 65 mi (32–100 km) wide, between Java and Sumatra, connects the Java Sea with the Indian Ocean.

Sunda Islands

 

a group of islands, the principal part of the Malay (Indonesian) Archipelago. They are divided into the Greater Sunda Islands and the Lesser Sunda Islands. Total area, approximately 1.4 million sq km. Except for the northern part of the island of Kalimantan, most of which is part of Malaysia, and the eastern part of the island of Timor, which is a possession of Portugal, the Sunda Islands are part of Indonesia.