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(operating system)
Sun Microsystems, Inc.'s version of the Unix operating system. As well as the core operating system, Solaris inludes networking software, the Java Virtual Machine, the CDE/Desktop that includes an X11-based windowing environment and graphical user interface.

Sun claim that Solaris is not just an operating system but an "operating environment".

Solaris 1.x was a retroactive (marketing?) name for SunOS 4.1.x (where x>=1).

Solaris 2.x (which is the first version most people call "Solaris") includes SunOS5.x, which is an SVR4-derived Unix, OpenWindows 3.x, and tooltalk.

Version 2.7 ("Solaris 7") was around in 1999-03-02. Version 2.8 was released in June 2000. Latest version: 9, as of 2002-07-15.


A multitasking, multiprocessing operating system from Sun that runs on SPARC and x86-based computers. In 2005, Sun made Solaris free and open source. Known for its robustness and scalability, Solaris provides an enterprise-wide Unix environment that can manage thousands of nodes from one central station. Solaris was briefly available for the PowerPC, but support was dropped as of Version 2.6.

The Real Unix
Solaris is based on the Unix SVR4 operating system, which stems from the original version of Unix written by AT&T (see Unix history). As of Version 10 in 2005, the Java Desktop System (JDS) was added, which includes a GNOME-based desktop environment and StarOffice Suite (see Java Desktop System). Prior versions of Solaris used the CDE and OpenWindows desktops.

Linux and Windows Compatibility
Linux applications can run in a Solaris environment using the Lxrun utility. However, starting with Version 10, "Solaris Containers for Linux Applications" provides a virtualization platform for running Linux programs intact.

Sun's SunPCI cards are plug-in PCI cards for SPARC workstations that contain an AMD x86 processor. They enable Windows and Windows applications to run alongside and share files with Solaris applications.
References in periodicals archive ?
Future editions of Trusted Solaris will also be released in closer proximity to the launch of regular Solaris.
0 5/02, available with Solaris 9, to enhance server utilization of the cluster environment.
A large factor of our success in the B2B financial services software licensing business is due to the quality of our software and our migration from NT to a UNIX platform with the Sun Solaris Operating Environment," said Tony Huston, founding partner and president, A.
HP's robust UNIX operating system, HP-UX 11i, benefits Solaris customers challenged with highly demanding workloads.
Trusted Solaris 7's Mandatory Access Control (MAC) feature allows organizations, including banks and financial institutions, to process information at multiple-sensitivity levels.
The Solaris 10 OS is a flexible, open operating system that was designed to support the applications and platforms that are critical to our customers' businesses," said Juan Carlos Soto, vice president of market development at Sun Microsystems.
We are pleased to award the Solaris Ready Logo to LeWiz's products," said Dan Powers, director of Market Development Engineering at Sun Microsystems, Inc.
By working closely with Sun and their new Solaris 10 OS, we ensure that our customers' business-critical applications meet or exceed performance expectations and scale as required to maintain their competitive edge.
With its optimized network stack and support for today's advanced network protocols like the Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP) and bundled Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) elements, the Solaris 10 OS provides the throughput required to deliver high-quality services across internet-based channels.
Customers that wish to build large clusters and grids on the Solaris 10 OS on Sun Fire x64 servers can now take advantage of the Voltaire Grid Director ISR 9288 and ISR 9096 (288 and 96 port multi-service switches).
We are pleased to have COPAN Systems gain Sun Solaris Ready certification," said Dan Powers, Director, Market Development Engineering, Sun Microsystems, Inc.