Solifugae


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Solifugae

 

(wind scorpions), an order of arthropods of the class Arachnoidea.

Wind scorpions measure 1 to 7 cm in length and are covered with long hairs. The body is divided into a céphalothorax, a thorax consisting of two segments, and an abdomen consisting of ten segments. The coloration is brown-yellow or mottled. The céphalothorax bears a pair of central simple eyes and a pair of lateral ones. There are six pairs of appendages: the first pair are clawlike chelicerae that serve as defense organs and for tearing apart prey, the second pair are pedipalps that serve a sensory function and are used to seize prey, the third pair are tactile organs, and the fourth through sixth pairs are walking legs. The sexes are separate. Wind scorpions are oviparous and develop without metamorphosis.

There are 570 species of wind scorpions, distributed in the tropics and subtropics. The USSR has approximately 70 species, found in the southern European part of the country, in Kazakhstan, and in Middle Asia. Wind scorpions live in deserts, semi-deserts, and mountains. They are nonpoisonous, primarily nocturnal animals. The diet consists of various invertebrates.

REFERENCES

Bialynitskii-Birulia, A. A. “Falangi (Solifuga).” Moscow-Leningrad, 1938. (Fauna SSSR: Paukoobraznye, vol. 1, fase. 3.)
Zhizn’ zhivotnykh,vo\. 3. Moscow, 1969.
Dogel’, V. A. Zoologiia bespozvonochnykh, 6th ed. Moscow, 1975.

A. V. IVANOV

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En tanto, para el territorio nacional, el estudio de Solifugae se caracteriza por aportes taxonomicos (Mello-Leitao, 1936, 1937, 1942; Kraus, 1966; Muma, 1971; Cekalovic, 1975, 1976; Maury, 1980, 1985, 1987b).
Los objetivos del presente trabajo son: 1) documentar a nivel especifico la composicion taxonomica del orden Solifugae, asociados a un habitat desertico costero del centro norte de Chile y 2) determinar las variaciones espaciotemporales de su abundancia relativa, definida aqui como <<denso-actividad>>, la cual esta determinada por el efecto que tienen algunas variables atmosfericas sobre su actividad y por la presencia de barreras que limitan su libre desplazamiento (Luff, 1975; Niemela et al.
Los aracnidos mostraron una estacionalidad marcada, aunque diferente para cada grupo: los Solifugae son los mas abundantes en primavera y verano junto con los Scorpiones, mientras que los Araneae mantuvieron un numero mas constante, con aumentos en otono e invierno.
Abundancy of Arthropods highest taxa captured beneath Prosopis flexuosa canopy, at Telteca Reserve V94- V95- 95 O95 I95 P95 96 O96 I96 P96 Total Coleoptera 403 92 111 505 615 96 80 843 2745 Hymenoptera 58 80 26 213 259 137 28 629 1430 Solifugae 115 21 53 305 49 17 81 427 1068 Sc orpiones 192 36 11 135 116 34 6 202 732 Araneae 53 89 54 162 12 91 48 253 762 Orthoptera 31 63 21 45 17 71 27 53 328 Hemiptera 2 10 14 18 11 20 23 169 267 Neuroptera 12 4 4 70 27 8 9 100 234 Lepidoptera 4 2 0 44 7 1 0 102 160 Dyctioptera 2 7 1 8 3 2 0 17 40 Embioptera 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 5 Total 872 404 295 1505 1116 477 302 2800 7771 Tabla 2.
Most North American Solifugae have white to pale malleoli.
An annotated checklist of North American Solifugae with type depositories, abundance, and notes on their zoogeography.
Observations of the behavior and mode of orientation of hunting Solifugae.
pugnax (Nava's AF05443 1918) Acari (Ixodidae) Amblyomma glauerti Keirans, AF115372 King & Sharrad, 1994 Solifugae Eusimonia wunderlichi U29492 Pieper 1977 Amblypygi Paraphrynus sp.
A checklist of North American solifugae is presented along with their type localities, location of types, known numbers of specimens of each sex collected and the biomic distribution of each species.
Arachind order Opiliones Solifugae Pseudoscorpiones Scorpiones Acari C: 18 T: 26, 27 T: 17 R: 12 R: 15, 22 27 T: 17 R: 12 17 R: 15, 22 T: 12 T: 4, 18 R: 12 R: 4 T: 2, 26, 27, 30 T: 14, 17 R: 22 Table 2.
Tres regioes da Amazonia brasileira pertencentes ao Estado de Rondonia foram investigadas quanto a presenca de Solifugae por meio de armadilhas "pitfall".
Three new species of Solifugae are described: Eremobates paleta from Mexico, is a member of the Eremobates scaber species group; Eremobates inkopaensis from California, U.