Solifugae


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Solifugae

 

(wind scorpions), an order of arthropods of the class Arachnoidea.

Wind scorpions measure 1 to 7 cm in length and are covered with long hairs. The body is divided into a céphalothorax, a thorax consisting of two segments, and an abdomen consisting of ten segments. The coloration is brown-yellow or mottled. The céphalothorax bears a pair of central simple eyes and a pair of lateral ones. There are six pairs of appendages: the first pair are clawlike chelicerae that serve as defense organs and for tearing apart prey, the second pair are pedipalps that serve a sensory function and are used to seize prey, the third pair are tactile organs, and the fourth through sixth pairs are walking legs. The sexes are separate. Wind scorpions are oviparous and develop without metamorphosis.

There are 570 species of wind scorpions, distributed in the tropics and subtropics. The USSR has approximately 70 species, found in the southern European part of the country, in Kazakhstan, and in Middle Asia. Wind scorpions live in deserts, semi-deserts, and mountains. They are nonpoisonous, primarily nocturnal animals. The diet consists of various invertebrates.

REFERENCES

Bialynitskii-Birulia, A. A. “Falangi (Solifuga).” Moscow-Leningrad, 1938. (Fauna SSSR: Paukoobraznye, vol. 1, fase. 3.)
Zhizn’ zhivotnykh,vo\. 3. Moscow, 1969.
Dogel’, V. A. Zoologiia bespozvonochnykh, 6th ed. Moscow, 1975.

A. V. IVANOV

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An annotated checklist of North American Solifugae with type depositories, abundance, and notes on their zoogeography.
Catalogue of the Smaller Arachnid Orders of the World: Amblypygi, Uropygi, Schizomida, Palpigradi, Ricinulei and Solifugae.
Solifugae, Scorpions, and Pedipalpi, with checklists and keys to the South African families, genera and species.
This is an attempt to clarify the fine work of Muma and Harvey and isolate the present systematic state of the Solifugae of North America as well as including zoogeographical data from the work of the late Martin Muma augmented by the subsequent work of the authors.
Twelve families of Solifugae are found worldwide, two of them in North America, the Eremobatidae and the Ammotrechidae.
Nomenclatural notes on Solifugae, Amblypygi, Uropygi and Araneae (Arachnida).
Arachind order Opiliones Solifugae Pseudoscorpiones Scorpiones Acari C: 18 T: 26, 27 T: 17 R: 12 R: 15, 22 27 T: 17 R: 12 17 R: 15, 22 T: 12 T: 4, 18 R: 12 R: 4 T: 2, 26, 27, 30 T: 14, 17 R: 22 Table 2.
Tres regioes da Amazonia brasileira pertencentes ao Estado de Rondonia foram investigadas quanto a presenca de Solifugae por meio de armadilhas "pitfall".
The arachnid order Solifugae is distributed over the Americas, Africa and Eurasia, currently comprising about 1,100 species (Harvey 2002).
coaraciandu are quite similar; remarkably this feature is generally species-specific in Solifugae (Maury 1984; Rocha 2002).
Three new species of Solifugae are described: Eremobates paleta from Mexico, is a member of the Eremobates scaber species group; Eremobates inkopaensis from California, U.
Los aracnidos de Mexico parte 1: Ricinulei, Amblypygi, Solifugae, Palpigradi, Schizomida, Uropygi.