Solutrean Culture

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Related to Solutrean: Magdalenian

Solutrean Culture

 

an archaeological culture of the middle of the Upper Paleolithic, widespread in France and northern Spain. The Solutrean culture replaced the Aurignacian and Périgordian cultures and was in turn replaced by the Magdalenian culture. It has been dated by the radiocarbon method to between 18,000 B.C. and 15,000 B.C.

The Solutrean culture was first identified by G. Mortillet in the late 1860’s and was named for the site at La Solutré in the department of Saône-et-Loire in France. The culture is characterized by carefully made flint points, called Solutrean points. The points, some of which have notches, were worked by means of pressure flaking, a technique perfected by Solutrean man, in the form of laurel and willow leaves. Some of the points were used as the heads of spears and javelins, while others were used as knives and daggers. Other items include flint end scrapers, burins, and perforators and needles with eyes, batons de commandement, and works of art made of bone. Archaeological finds resembling those of the Solutrean culture have been discovered at a number of Upper Paleolithic sites in Central Europe and the European part of the USSR.

REFERENCES

Efimenko, P. P. Pervobytnoe obshchestvo, 3rd ed. Kiev, 1953.
Bordes, F. Le Paléolithique dans le monde. Paris, 1968.

P. I. BORISKOVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
For years, it has been assumed that a population hiatus existed in Central Iberia from the Late Middle Palaeolithic to the final stages of the Solutrean.
Until the 1970s, it was difficult to define the existence of artifact assemblages intermediate in time and stratigraphic position between the Solutrean and CLM.
It should also be noted that, in the same cave, although in a different part called Batiscias gallery, charcoal remains and a bone found above the ground have yielded three dates corresponding to the Late Solutrean period (4), highly present in the Nalon valley.
This process creates the narrow, evenly spaced grooves found on flint tools from Europe's 20,000-year-old Solutrean culture and from prehistoric Native American groups from more than 10,000 years ago.
The end of Solutrean in Cantabrian East region through the Arlanpe Cave occupations (Lemoa, Biscay)
Roche included some of the Furninha materials in their own synthesis of the Portuguese Solutrean.
In this paper, we use this method for analyze the rabbits bones of the Solutrean levels of Ambrosio Cave (Almeria, SouthEast of Spain).
1978): "Thoughts on Solutrean concave base point distribution", Lithic technology, 6, pp.
ABSTRACT: This research, a continuation of previous work on the manufacture of Palaeolithic needles in this site, studies a set of 57 needles that come from the Solutrean and Magdalenian levels of the Las Caldas Cave (Priorio, Oviedo, Spain).
The small amount of industry recovered from the Upper Paleolithic is connected with this final phase in the filling in of the aven, and includes two Solutrean laurel leaves and a single-sided blade, separated by H.