Solutrean Culture

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Related to Solutrean: Magdalenian

Solutrean Culture


an archaeological culture of the middle of the Upper Paleolithic, widespread in France and northern Spain. The Solutrean culture replaced the Aurignacian and Périgordian cultures and was in turn replaced by the Magdalenian culture. It has been dated by the radiocarbon method to between 18,000 B.C. and 15,000 B.C.

The Solutrean culture was first identified by G. Mortillet in the late 1860’s and was named for the site at La Solutré in the department of Saône-et-Loire in France. The culture is characterized by carefully made flint points, called Solutrean points. The points, some of which have notches, were worked by means of pressure flaking, a technique perfected by Solutrean man, in the form of laurel and willow leaves. Some of the points were used as the heads of spears and javelins, while others were used as knives and daggers. Other items include flint end scrapers, burins, and perforators and needles with eyes, batons de commandement, and works of art made of bone. Archaeological finds resembling those of the Solutrean culture have been discovered at a number of Upper Paleolithic sites in Central Europe and the European part of the USSR.


Efimenko, P. P. Pervobytnoe obshchestvo, 3rd ed. Kiev, 1953.
Bordes, F. Le Paléolithique dans le monde. Paris, 1968.


References in periodicals archive ?
1999a), Alcolea and de Balbin (2007) and Combier and Jouve (2012, 2014) have argued, the red animals can be assigned to the Gravettian and perhaps early Solutrean on the basis of stylistic comparison with examples clearly shown to relate to these periods (see Table 1); nobody would argue with this.
For years, it has been assumed that a population hiatus existed in Central Iberia from the Late Middle Palaeolithic to the final stages of the Solutrean.
Pressure flaking on Solutrean and prehistoric Native American artifacts shows far more refinement than the coarse trimming marks observed on Blombos tools, he notes.
This book will generate controversy in both North America and Western Europe, and hopefully its discussion will stimulate useful research, particularly into the dating of the Solutrean and the earliest evidence from North America.
Similarly, the art at Chauvet was tentatively assigned to the Solutrean or Magdalenian period before the early radiocarbon dates were obtained (c.
Between the two extremes of human occupation of the cave are levels dating to the early Upper Palaeolithic, Solutrean, Magdalenian, Azilian, Mesolithic, Neolithic, Chalcolithic and Bronze ages.
Bur this book is more than an ornament: in its Introduction the author sets out his structural approach and his opinion on a wide variety of important subjects, starting out with chronology and retaining the classic West European sequence of Aurignacian, Gravettian, Solutrean and Magdalenian.
report on the Solutrean, Badegoulian, Lower and Middle Magdalenian levels of Le Petit Cloup Barrat (Lot) in central France, which includes an original Lower Magdalenian level which adds to the growing complexity of the emergence of the Magdalenian.
Painted caves were previously, for the most part, classified according to a stylistic chronology devised by Andre Leroi-Gourhan (1965), which would place the Chauvet paintings in the Solutrean period (between 22 000 and 18 000 years ago).
They were the most common shells used for body ornamentation by the people who made Solutrean assemblages (Taborin 1993: 216).
The 16 papers therein, summarised by the editor, MASK MALTBY, show a good geographic spread (omitting, however, eastern Asia and the Pacific) and temporal range, from Solutrean times (Castel et al.
Four new publications relating to the French Solutrean and Magdalenian demonstrate admirably how new analysis of old archaeological collections with new methodologies, and in one case new excavations, can shed considerable light on enigmatic areas of Upper Palaeolithic behaviour.