Werner Sombart

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Sombart, Werner


Born Jan. 19, 1863, in Ermsleben, Harz; died May 18, 1941, in Berlin. German economist, sociologist, and historian. Philosopher of culture. Student of G. von Schmoller. Professor at the universities of Breslau (1890) and Berlin (1906).

Sombart’s early works demonstrated the influence of Marxism, but he later opposed historical materialism and the economic teachings of K. Marx. His works are primarily devoted to the economic history of Western Europe, specifically the rise of capitalism (he collected enormous amounts of factual material) and problems of socialism and social movements. Attempting to unite the study of economics and theoretical explanations of social life, Sombart developed a concept of “an economic system” as a certain integral phenomenon giving rise to specific economic institutions and representing an expression of the “spirit” of a society (Sombart identifies the concepts of spirit and society).

Sombart attempted to establish his own theory of primary accumulation, introducing the accumulation of feudal land rent as a primary source of the accumulation of capital. Beginning in the 1920’s, Sombart’s ideas were used by reactionary political circles in Germany.


Noo-Soziologie. Berlin, 1956.
Studien zur Entwicklungsgeschichte des modernen Kapitalismus, vols. 1–2. Munich-Leipzig, 1913.
Die Zukunft des Kapitalismus. Berlin, 1932.
Deutscher Sozialismus. Berlin, 1934.
In Russian translation:
Sotsializm i sotsial’noe dvizhenie v 19 stoletii. St. Petersburg, 1902.
Khudozhestvennaia promyshlennosr’ i kul’ tura. St. Petersburg [no date].
Idealy sotsial’noi politiki. St. Petersburg, 1906.
Burzhua. Moscow, 1924.
Narodnoe khoziaistvo v Germanii v 19 iv nach. 20 v. Moscow, 1924.


Lunacharskii, A. V. “Zombart o dushe burzhua.” In his book Meshchanstvo i individualism. Moscow-Petrograd, 1923. Pages 202–23.


References in periodicals archive ?
As philosopher and economist Werner Sombart explained in the late 1930s, the term National Socialism meant a national union that was based on the conviction that socialism and nationalism depended on each other (1937, 113).
Weber noted that Werner Sombart had investigated the genesis of modern capitalism but had claimed that religious beliefs played no part in its development.
From Schmoller to Sombart to Redlich, the linkage is both direct and clear.
To socialist Werner Sombart, whose book Handler und Helden ("Merchants and Heroes") appeared in 1915, the heroes were the German warriors, and the first World War was the welcome opportunity for the heroic German culture to triumph over the decadent commercial civilization of England.
Reden und Vortrage von Georg Simmel, Ferdinand Tonnies, Max Weber, Werner Sombart, Alfred Ploetz, Ernst Troeltsch, Eberhard Gothein, Andreas Voigt, Hermann Kantorowicz und Debatten, edited by S.
1) Ne II capitalismo moderno (1902), Werner Sombart riconosce in Alberti il tipo oramai compiuto di borghese, che incarna lo spirito del capitalismo: a differenza della vecchia nobilta, sfarzosa fino a dissipare le sostanze, Alberti invita al risparmio e mette in luce una morale del commercio, funzionale all'accrescimento della pubblica considerazione.
Toward this end, he provides an enlightening examination of Sombart based on multiple translations of the scholar's writings.
The intellectual leaders of this movement--Albert Schaffle, Adolf Stoecker, Adolf Wagner, and Adolf Held--were acknowledged by Werner Sombart as nineteenth century representatives and forbearers of National Socialism.
7) The first understanding presented, attributed to the thought of Werner Sombart and Max Weber, emphasizes rationality and reorganization of production directed toward maximum efficiency.
JG-W: There was a German economist at the beginning of the 20th century called Werner Sombart, who I hadn't heard of before.
Over time, the Jews have acquired control over monetary assets and wealth in their communities; according to Werner Sombart, the interest-loan system is a gift from the Jews to Europe in the emergence of Western capitalism.