Sonora


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Sonora

(sōnō`rä), state (1990 pop. 1,823,606), 70,484 sq mi (182,554 sq km), NW Mexico, on the Gulf of California, S of Arizona. HermosilloHermosillo
, city (1990 pop. 406,417), capital of Sonora state, NW Mexico, at the entrance to the gorge of the Sonora River. Hermosillo is a transportation, manufacturing, and agricultural center in an irrigated area where cereals and cotton are grown and cattle are raised.
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 is the capital. Sonora is mostly mountainous, with vast desert stretches; along the gulf are low, broad coastlands. Reclamation projects on the Yaqui, Sonora, Mayo, and other rivers have opened large areas to agriculture. The most extensively irrigated of all Mexican states, Sonora is a leading national producer of cotton and wheat; other cereals and vegetables are also grown. Agriculture is highly mechanized. Cattle raising and fishing and aquaculture are important, and large quantities of shrimp are exported to the United States. Gold, silver, copper, and other metals are mined in Sonora. Power plants at Hermosillo and Guaymas have aided Sonora's rapid industrialization. Food processing and textile and automotive manufacturing are major industries, and numerous maquiladorasmaquiladoras
, Mexican assembly plants that manufacture finished goods for export to the United States. The maquiladoras are generally owned by non-Mexican corporations.
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, low-cost foreign-owned plants which finish products for export to the United States, exist throughout the region. Nogales is the chief point of entry from the United States. Systematic Spanish exploration of Sonora, principally by Cristóbal de Oñate, began after Francisco Vásquez de CoronadoCoronado, Francisco Vásquez de
, c.1510–1554, Spanish explorer. He went to Mexico with Viceroy Antonio de Mendoza and in 1538 was made governor of Nueva Galicia.
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's expedition in 1540. Spanish missionaries, notably Eusebio Francisco KinoKino, Eusebio Francisco
, c.1644–1711, missionary explorer in the American Southwest, b. Segno, in the Tyrol. He was in 1669 admitted to the Jesuit order. A distinguished mathematician, he observed the comet of 1680–81 at Cádiz, publishing his results in his
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, were active in colonizing the territory during the 17th cent. Originally part of Nueva Viscaya, which also included the present-day states of ChihuahuaChihuahua
, state (1990 pop. 2,441,873), 94,831 sq mi (245,612 sq km), N Mexico, on the border of N.Mex. and Texas. The city of Chihuahua is the capital. Largest of the Mexican states, Chihuahua is divided into two regions—the mountains of the Sierra Madre Occidental to
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 and DurangoDurango
, state (1990 pop. 1,349,378), 47,691 sq mi (123,520 sq km), N central Mexico. The city of Durango is the capital. The western half of the state is dominated by the Sierra Madre Occidental.
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, Sonora was later united with Sinaloa; they became separate states in 1830. Sonora played a key role in the Mexican revolution against Porfirio DíazDíaz, Porfirio
, 1830–1915, Mexican statesman, a mestizo, christened José de la Cruz Porfirio Díaz. He gained prominence by supporting Benito Juárez and the liberals in the War of the Reform and in the war against Emperor Maximilian and the
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 that began in 1910.

Sonora

 

a state in Mexico, on the northwestern coast of the Pacific Ocean. Area, 184,900 sq km. Population, 1.283 million (1974). The capital is Hermosillo. Most of the agricultural land is irrigated. Sonora grows cotton for export and wheat for domestic consumption. It has cotton-ginning and food-processing enterprises. Nonferrous metallurgy is also practiced in the cities of Cananea and Nacozari de García.

sonora

[sə′nȯr·ə]
(meteorology)
A summer thunderstorm in the mountains and deserts of southern California and Baja California.

Sonora

a state of NW Mexico, on the Gulf of California: consists of a narrow coastal plain rising inland to the Sierra Madre Occidental; an important mining area in colonial times. Capital: Hermosillo. Pop.: 2 213 370 (2000). Area: 184 934 sq. km (71 403 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Over this period, Kodak has continued to enhance the capabilities of its process free plates, rolling out SONORA XP and SONORA NEWS Plates in 2012.
Con base en condiciones, capacidades y resultados se formula un ranking para los estados del pais, donde Sonora ocupa la posicion 13, muy alejada del primer lugar que alcanzo en el ranking elaborado por el Foro Consultivo Cientifico y Tecnologico, donde aparece en el sexto.
In addition, 109 cases, 35 (32%) of which were fatal, have been reported from the remaining areas of Sonora, including two cases (one fatal) in community A outside of the intervention area, indicating that RMSF transmission is continuing in this region of Mexico.
O presente trabalho avaliou os niveis de pressao sonora equivalente e realizou medicoes do espectro de frequencia gerado pelas fontes sonoras, na sua maioria veiculos automotores, que circulam em torno do Campus.
With our sales projection of SONORA (NEWS, and XP plates for commercial printing), we project well save 36 million gallons of water per year worldwide, plus 530,000 gallons of plate chemistiy, and 102 million kilowatt hours of energy.
Requirements of habitat may explain die remaining 240km gap between our collections in Sonora and those of Menke, Truxal, and Polhemus in central Arizona.
Musacchio said water and political campaigns have become inseparable in Sonora.
Sonora posted cash financing deficits during the last four years, averaging -4.
Sonora, Mexico, clearly looks like the place to be from the surge in recent entries.
El objetivo de estos Centros Nacionales de Soluciones es el de facilitar a las micro y pequenas empresas la competitividad que les exige el entorno globalizado, a traves del uso y la adopcion de las TI", explico Ramon Acosta Ramos, presidente de Anadic Sonora.
Sonora registra la mayor cantidad de periodistas asesinados, perseguidos y desaparecidos, porque los RobinsonBours (el padre: Javier: el hermano: Ricardo, los dos poderes tras el trono de Jose Eduardo) han dejado que la impunidad, el narcotrafico y la narcopolitica, sean la pinza para atenazar el ejercicio de las libertades de prensa.
Explorando, the re-issue from the Inca/Fania vaults, originally released in 1978 by La Sonora Poncena coincided with the band's current twentieth anniversary celebration, as well as the return of singer Humberto (Tito) Gomez.