Sonora

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Sonora

(sōnō`rä), state (1990 pop. 1,823,606), 70,484 sq mi (182,554 sq km), NW Mexico, on the Gulf of California, S of Arizona. HermosilloHermosillo
, city (1990 pop. 406,417), capital of Sonora state, NW Mexico, at the entrance to the gorge of the Sonora River. Hermosillo is a transportation, manufacturing, and agricultural center in an irrigated area where cereals and cotton are grown and cattle are raised.
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 is the capital. Sonora is mostly mountainous, with vast desert stretches; along the gulf are low, broad coastlands. Reclamation projects on the Yaqui, Sonora, Mayo, and other rivers have opened large areas to agriculture. The most extensively irrigated of all Mexican states, Sonora is a leading national producer of cotton and wheat; other cereals and vegetables are also grown. Agriculture is highly mechanized. Cattle raising and fishing and aquaculture are important, and large quantities of shrimp are exported to the United States. Gold, silver, copper, and other metals are mined in Sonora. Power plants at Hermosillo and Guaymas have aided Sonora's rapid industrialization. Food processing and textile and automotive manufacturing are major industries, and numerous maquiladorasmaquiladoras
, Mexican assembly plants that manufacture finished goods for export to the United States. The maquiladoras are generally owned by non-Mexican corporations.
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, low-cost foreign-owned plants which finish products for export to the United States, exist throughout the region. Nogales is the chief point of entry from the United States. Systematic Spanish exploration of Sonora, principally by Cristóbal de Oñate, began after Francisco Vásquez de CoronadoCoronado, Francisco Vásquez de
, c.1510–1554, Spanish explorer. He went to Mexico with Viceroy Antonio de Mendoza and in 1538 was made governor of Nueva Galicia.
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's expedition in 1540. Spanish missionaries, notably Eusebio Francisco KinoKino, Eusebio Francisco
, c.1644–1711, missionary explorer in the American Southwest, b. Segno, in the Tyrol. He was in 1669 admitted to the Jesuit order. A distinguished mathematician, he observed the comet of 1680–81 at Cádiz, publishing his results in his
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, were active in colonizing the territory during the 17th cent. Originally part of Nueva Viscaya, which also included the present-day states of ChihuahuaChihuahua
, state (1990 pop. 2,441,873), 94,831 sq mi (245,612 sq km), N Mexico, on the border of N.Mex. and Texas. The city of Chihuahua is the capital. Largest of the Mexican states, Chihuahua is divided into two regions—the mountains of the Sierra Madre Occidental to
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 and DurangoDurango
, state (1990 pop. 1,349,378), 47,691 sq mi (123,520 sq km), N central Mexico. The city of Durango is the capital. The western half of the state is dominated by the Sierra Madre Occidental.
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, Sonora was later united with Sinaloa; they became separate states in 1830. Sonora played a key role in the Mexican revolution against Porfirio DíazDíaz, Porfirio
, 1830–1915, Mexican statesman, a mestizo, christened José de la Cruz Porfirio Díaz. He gained prominence by supporting Benito Juárez and the liberals in the War of the Reform and in the war against Emperor Maximilian and the
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 that began in 1910.

Sonora

 

a state in Mexico, on the northwestern coast of the Pacific Ocean. Area, 184,900 sq km. Population, 1.283 million (1974). The capital is Hermosillo. Most of the agricultural land is irrigated. Sonora grows cotton for export and wheat for domestic consumption. It has cotton-ginning and food-processing enterprises. Nonferrous metallurgy is also practiced in the cities of Cananea and Nacozari de García.

sonora

[sə′nȯr·ə]
(meteorology)
A summer thunderstorm in the mountains and deserts of southern California and Baja California.

Sonora

a state of NW Mexico, on the Gulf of California: consists of a narrow coastal plain rising inland to the Sierra Madre Occidental; an important mining area in colonial times. Capital: Hermosillo. Pop.: 2 213 370 (2000). Area: 184 934 sq. km (71 403 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition to producing fuser rollers and fuser film sleeves for the office automation industry, and remanufactured assemblies and coated metal parts for a variety of industries, Minco now produces precision-machined parts for the aerospace industry from its state-of-the art facility in Empalme, Sonora, Mexico.
Arc-Tronics will occupy 17,226 square feet of industrial space at The Offshore Group's Bella Vista Industrial Park in Empalme, Sonora, Mexico.
Precision will soon enlarge its manufacturing footprint in Guaymas, Sonora, Mexico.
15, 2010 /PRNewswire/ -- Paradigm Precision has recently signed a contract with The Offshore Group to continue its manufacturing in Mexico operations in Guaymas, Sonora, Mexico through 2015.
But, Flores, who began riding in Sonora, Mexico, at age 8, admits he will be glad when the 2,000-win mark is behind him.
Northwater Resources is engaged in the exploration of its Rio Mayo project in Sonora, Mexico where an independent geology report and assays of samples have indicated a high potential for gold, silver, copper, iron, lead, zinc and numerous other precious and earth metals.
CRS Aerospace sets up a one stop shop for secondary processes in Empalme, Sonora, Mexico.
And it's symbolic of this trip into Sonora, Mexico - easy, laid back and rich in new experiences.
TCM") whereby TCM has optioned the Greta property in the State of Sonora, Mexico.
It was a considerable feat for a young woman who grew up in Guaymas, Sonora, Mexico, where her parents own a scuba-diving shop on the Sea of Cortez and her principal tennis opponent was a ball machine.
Richards, former chairman of The Budd Company and an automotive industry leader of the 1970's, died Wednesday at his home in Alamos, Sonora, Mexico as a result of a stroke he suffered in early December.
Proceeds of the financing will be used to finance exploration of the Company's Los Verdes property located in the Province of Sonora, Mexico and to fund exploration on other resource properties the Company may pursue in the future as well as for general corporate purposes.