Sonora

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Sonora

(sōnō`rä), state (1990 pop. 1,823,606), 70,484 sq mi (182,554 sq km), NW Mexico, on the Gulf of California, S of Arizona. HermosilloHermosillo
, city (1990 pop. 406,417), capital of Sonora state, NW Mexico, at the entrance to the gorge of the Sonora River. Hermosillo is a transportation, manufacturing, and agricultural center in an irrigated area where cereals and cotton are grown and cattle are raised.
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 is the capital. Sonora is mostly mountainous, with vast desert stretches; along the gulf are low, broad coastlands. Reclamation projects on the Yaqui, Sonora, Mayo, and other rivers have opened large areas to agriculture. The most extensively irrigated of all Mexican states, Sonora is a leading national producer of cotton and wheat; other cereals and vegetables are also grown. Agriculture is highly mechanized. Cattle raising and fishing and aquaculture are important, and large quantities of shrimp are exported to the United States. Gold, silver, copper, and other metals are mined in Sonora. Power plants at Hermosillo and Guaymas have aided Sonora's rapid industrialization. Food processing and textile and automotive manufacturing are major industries, and numerous maquiladorasmaquiladoras
, Mexican assembly plants that manufacture finished goods for export to the United States. The maquiladoras are generally owned by non-Mexican corporations.
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, low-cost foreign-owned plants which finish products for export to the United States, exist throughout the region. Nogales is the chief point of entry from the United States. Systematic Spanish exploration of Sonora, principally by Cristóbal de Oñate, began after Francisco Vásquez de CoronadoCoronado, Francisco Vásquez de
, c.1510–1554, Spanish explorer. He went to Mexico with Viceroy Antonio de Mendoza and in 1538 was made governor of Nueva Galicia.
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's expedition in 1540. Spanish missionaries, notably Eusebio Francisco KinoKino, Eusebio Francisco
, c.1644–1711, missionary explorer in the American Southwest, b. Segno, in the Tyrol. He was in 1669 admitted to the Jesuit order. A distinguished mathematician, he observed the comet of 1680–81 at Cádiz, publishing his results in his
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, were active in colonizing the territory during the 17th cent. Originally part of Nueva Viscaya, which also included the present-day states of ChihuahuaChihuahua
, state (1990 pop. 2,441,873), 94,831 sq mi (245,612 sq km), N Mexico, on the border of N.Mex. and Texas. The city of Chihuahua is the capital. Largest of the Mexican states, Chihuahua is divided into two regions—the mountains of the Sierra Madre Occidental to
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 and DurangoDurango
, state (1990 pop. 1,349,378), 47,691 sq mi (123,520 sq km), N central Mexico. The city of Durango is the capital. The western half of the state is dominated by the Sierra Madre Occidental.
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, Sonora was later united with Sinaloa; they became separate states in 1830. Sonora played a key role in the Mexican revolution against Porfirio DíazDíaz, Porfirio
, 1830–1915, Mexican statesman, a mestizo, christened José de la Cruz Porfirio Díaz. He gained prominence by supporting Benito Juárez and the liberals in the War of the Reform and in the war against Emperor Maximilian and the
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 that began in 1910.

Sonora

 

a state in Mexico, on the northwestern coast of the Pacific Ocean. Area, 184,900 sq km. Population, 1.283 million (1974). The capital is Hermosillo. Most of the agricultural land is irrigated. Sonora grows cotton for export and wheat for domestic consumption. It has cotton-ginning and food-processing enterprises. Nonferrous metallurgy is also practiced in the cities of Cananea and Nacozari de García.

sonora

[sə′nȯr·ə]
(meteorology)
A summer thunderstorm in the mountains and deserts of southern California and Baja California.

Sonora

a state of NW Mexico, on the Gulf of California: consists of a narrow coastal plain rising inland to the Sierra Madre Occidental; an important mining area in colonial times. Capital: Hermosillo. Pop.: 2 213 370 (2000). Area: 184 934 sq. km (71 403 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Officers arrested the driver, a 25-year-old man from Nogales, Sonora, Mexico.
21, officers at the Morley pedestrian crossing searched a 22-year-old woman from Nogales, Sonora, Mexico, and found more than $3,000 worth of meth (just over a pound) in the crotch of her clothing.
Officers discovered the drugs in the back wall of a Dodge truck driven by a 78-year-old man from Ures, Sonora, Mexico.
6 when officers at the Dennis DeConcini crossing found nearly 58 pounds of meth, worth almost $173,000, concealed inside the back bumper of a Buick SUV driven by a 29-year-old resident of Nogales, Sonora, Mexico.
Proceeds of the private placement will be used to finance exploration of the Company's Los Verdes property located in the Province of Sonora, Mexico and to fund exploration on other resource properties the Company may pursue in the future as well as for general corporate purposes.
The first incident occurred early in the morning when officers at the Dennis DeConcini crossing referred a 27-year-old resident of Nogales, Sonora, Mexico, for a secondary inspection of her Jeep SUV.
WT) is pleased to announce that M3 Engineering & Technology Corporation has completed an updated technical report for the Piedras Verdes project in Sonora, Mexico.
The first incident occurred July 29 when officers referred a 30-year-old resident of Nogales, Sonora, Mexico, for a secondary inspection of his Volkswagen SUV.
TSX VENTURE:MGM) that is has formally relinquished its right to earn an undivided 60% interest in the El Compa Gold Project of Morgain Minerals, in the Sahuaripa area in the State of Sonora, Mexico.
CDM), has received the required explosives use permit from SEDENA (Secretaria de Defensa National) for the Piedras Verdes copper mine in Sonora, Mexico.
The increases in net losses were primarily due to higher administrative expenditures related to an intensified level of corporate activity and development activity at the company's wholly-owned Piedras Verdes project in Sonora, Mexico and interest and accretion expense on notes issued during 2005.
CDM), a wholly owned subsidiary of Frontera Copper to commence construction of the Piedras Verdes copper mine in Sonora, Mexico.