Sophora


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Related to Sophora: Sophora secundiflora, Ulta

Sophora

 

a genus of deciduous or evergeen trees and shrubs of the family Leguminosae; a few species are perennial herbs. The leaves are odd-pinnate. The white, yellowish, pink, or blue-violet flowers are about 10–18 mm long and are gathered in racemes or panicles. The beadlike, cylindrical, or almost tetrahedral pods are sometimes winged and for the most part indehiscent.

There are about 20 species (according to other data as many as 70), growing in the tropics and subtropics. The plants are infrequently encountered in the temperate zone of both hemispheres. There are five species in the USSR. S. pachycarpa grows in Middle Asia, and 5. alopecuroides occurs in the southern European USSR, the Caucasus, Western Siberia, and Middle Asia. Both species are dangerous quarantine weeds of fields; it is very difficult to control them. Contamination of flour with ground So-phora seeds makes the bread bitter and poisonous. All species of Sophora are poisonous; they contain the alkaloids α-sparteine, sophocarpine, and matrine. The plants may be raised as nectar-bearers or as sources of insecticides, medicines, and dyes. The Japanese pagoda tree (S. japonica) is widely cultivated in the southern USSR as an ornamental.

REFERENCES

Kott, S. A. Karantinnye sornye rasteniia i mery bor’by s nimi, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1953.
Derev’ia i kustarniki SSSR, vol. 4. Moscow-Leningrad, 1958.
References in periodicals archive ?
Dai and Xu reported that the effects of an ethanol extract of the plant Sophora flavescens Ait possessed antiarrhythmic activity which mechanisms maybe related with a dose dependant negative chronotropic, negative automatotropic and negative dromotropic effect (Dai et al.
Sophora secundiflora grows 5 to 8 m tall with a maximum canopy diameter of about 3 m.
Obtained results from multiple linear regression model of 1/W showed that the competitive effects of Sophora alopecuroids, Xanthium-strumarium, Hordeum spontaneum, Alhagi camelorum, and Salsola kalil on economic and biological yield, was significant (P<0.
uniflora, and Sophora juanhintoniana) were in semi-arid climates, occupying the rosetophyllous and xeric scrublands, halophytic grasslands, and xeric conifer forests.
Isolation and purification of flavonoid and isoflavonoid compounds from the pericarp of Sophora japonica L.
A mannose-binding lectin from Sophora flavescens induces apoptosisin HeLa cells.
Taxon Cedar Glades Woodlands Opuntia phaeacantha 100% 57% Juniperus ashei 86% 100% Diospryros texana 71% 100% Acacia roemeriana 57% 100% Rhus virens 57% 71% Echinocerous caespitosus 43% - Quercus fusiformis 43% 100% Sophora secundiflora 43% 100% Yucca ripicola 43% 43% Dasylirion texanum 29% 14% Eysenhardtia texana 29% 14% Mammillaria vivipara 14% - Berberis trifoliolata - 100% Bumelia lanuginosa - 57% Foresteria reticulata - 29% Celtis laevigata - 29% Quercus stellata - 29% Ulmus crassifolia - 14% Cercis canadensis - 14% Ungnadia speciosa - 14% Table 2.
Six species--Avicennia germinans (black mangrove), Batis maritima (maritime saltwort), Borrichia frutescens (sea ox-eye), Croton punctatus (beach croton), Prosopis reptans (dwarf screw bean), and Sophora tomentosa (yellow sophora)--have tropical affinites.
Oxymatrine (OMT) is a major bioactive component derived from Sophora flavescens Ait (kushen), which is widely used in Chinese medicine.
Sophora Flavescens or Ku Shen is an anti-itch, soothing botanical from Draco Natural Products which has antipruritic effects.
Among the examples studied are Sophora flavescens lectin (HeLa cells), Polygonatum odoratum lectin (Fibrosarcoma cells) and Polygonatum cyrtonema lectin (Human melanoma cells).
Sophora flavescens is another anti-itching agent available from Draco.