Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Sophora: Sophora secundiflora, Ulta



a genus of deciduous or evergeen trees and shrubs of the family Leguminosae; a few species are perennial herbs. The leaves are odd-pinnate. The white, yellowish, pink, or blue-violet flowers are about 10–18 mm long and are gathered in racemes or panicles. The beadlike, cylindrical, or almost tetrahedral pods are sometimes winged and for the most part indehiscent.

There are about 20 species (according to other data as many as 70), growing in the tropics and subtropics. The plants are infrequently encountered in the temperate zone of both hemispheres. There are five species in the USSR. S. pachycarpa grows in Middle Asia, and 5. alopecuroides occurs in the southern European USSR, the Caucasus, Western Siberia, and Middle Asia. Both species are dangerous quarantine weeds of fields; it is very difficult to control them. Contamination of flour with ground So-phora seeds makes the bread bitter and poisonous. All species of Sophora are poisonous; they contain the alkaloids α-sparteine, sophocarpine, and matrine. The plants may be raised as nectar-bearers or as sources of insecticides, medicines, and dyes. The Japanese pagoda tree (S. japonica) is widely cultivated in the southern USSR as an ornamental.


Kott, S. A. Karantinnye sornye rasteniia i mery bor’by s nimi, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1953.
Derev’ia i kustarniki SSSR, vol. 4. Moscow-Leningrad, 1958.
References in periodicals archive ?
6" 95 1427 North facing Succession Slope Dominant species stage (year) [degrees] Afs (3-5) 3-6 Lespedeza bicolor Us (20-25) 14-16 Bothriochloa ischaemum, Lespedeza dahurica Ss(50-60) 12-22 S: Sophora davidii, H: Carex lanceolata or S: Hippophae rhamnoides, H: Carex lanceolata Pas(90-100) 12-16 S: Spiraea schneideriana, H: Carex lanceolata Mfs (120-130) 12-15 F: Populus davidiana + Quercus liaotungensis, S: Spiraea schneideriana, H: Carex lanceolata; Cs(150) 20-22 F: Quercus liaotungensis, S: Rosa hugonis, H: Carex lanceolata
Planting highlights for me included a beautiful Sophora japonica, Japanese pagoda tree, which had wonderful multiple sculptural stems.
The use of Sophora secundiflora (mescal bean) was used by Paleolithic and Pleistocene people in western North America 10,000 years ago (Winkelman 1996).
fusiformis, Live oak) followed by Diospyros texana (Texas persimmon) and Sophora secundijlora (Texas mountain laurel).
The Chinese herbs used in this study were taken from a range of 39 different herbs with the most commonly prescribed being Dictamus dasycarpus, Lonicera japonica, Paeonia suffruticosa, Polygonum multiflorum, Rehmannia glutinosa, and Sophora augustifolia.
Another remedy of ethno and empirical medicine which is still very popular is yellow sophora (Sophora flavescens Soland, S.
Grand-dam winner, twice Gr3-placed in France, half-sister to Haltilala (Prix Vermeille) and to Listed winners Sophora and Tamarin.
There are many fine Chinese plants grown in gardens today and the genus Sophora is a typical example.
com; 9804 Sophora Circle, Dallas, TX 75249; 972-709-1494; www.