Soricidae


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Related to Soricidae: shrew

Soricidae

[sə′ris·ə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
The shrews, a family of insectivorous mammals belonging to the Lipotyphla.

Soricidae

 

(shrews), a family of mammals of the order Insectivora. Shrews are very small mouselike animals. They have velvety für and short paws; the head is large, and the snout is elongated and mobile, drawn into a proboscis. Some shrews have brown-tipped teeth. There are 25 genera, found in Europe, Asia, Africa, North America, and the northwestern part of South America.

There are five genera in the USSR: Sorex, Neomys, Crocidura, Suncus, and Diplomesodon. They are omnivorous, but feed primarily on insects and their larvae. They are land animals, and only Neomys (with swimming fans made of stiff hairs on their paws) are semiaquatic. Sorex are very useful; all year round (under the snow in winter) they destroy soil insects and their larvae, which damage agricultural and forest crops. In the course of a day they will eat two to 2½ times their own body weight in food. The family Soricidae includes the world’s smallest mammals: the pygmy shrew and the shrew (body length, 3–4 cm; tail length, 2.5–3 cm; weight, approximately 2 g).

References in periodicals archive ?
1984): Ruscinian and Early Pleistocene Soricidae (Insectivora, Mammalia) from Tegelen (The Netherlands) and Hungary.
The anterior teeth (incisors and antemolars) are highly specialized in shrews (Dannelid 1998), but the molars are quite uniform in the Soricidae.
Orden Familia Especie Nombre comun * Didelphimorphia Didelphidae Chironectes Chucha de Agua minimus * Didelphis Chucha de Oreja pernigra Blanca (o) Didelphis Chuca de Oreja marsupialis Negra (o) Monodelphis Chuchita adusta Colicorta Morena (o) Pilosa Bradypodidae Bradypus Perezoso de variegatus Tres Dedos * Perico de Pelo * Megalonychidae Choloepus Perezoso de Dos hoffmanni Dedos *, Perico de Pelo * Myrmecophagidae Tamandua Oso Hormiguero mexicana * Cingulata Dasypodidae Cabassous Armadillo centralis Coletrapo * Dasypus Armadillo Comun novemcinctus *, Gurre * Soricomorpha Soricidae Cryptotis sp.
piscivorus Lacepede, cottonmouth S Crotalus horridus Linnaeus, timber S rattlesnake Sistrurus catenatus (Rafinesque), N eastern massasauga Hypothetical: Eumeces anthracinus (Baird), coal skink Regina grahami Baird & Girard, Graham's water snake Tropidoclonian lineatum (Hallowell), lined snake Extirpated: Farancia abacura (Holbrook), mud snake X CLASS MAMMALIA Order Didelphimorphia (American opossums) Family Didelphidae (opossums) Didelphis virginiana Kerr, opossum I Order Insectivora (shrews and moles) Family Soricidae (shrews) Blarina brevicauda (Say), short-tailed I shrew Cryptotis parva (Say), least shrew I Sorex cinereus Kerr, masked shrew N S.
1976 [a] 1993-1994, 1998 Dideiphimorphia Didelphidae Dideiphis virginiania * 15 Insectivora Soricidae Blarina brevicauda * 16 Sorex cinereus 16 Talpidne Scalopus aquaticus numerous [b] Chiroptera Vespertilionidae Myotis septentrionalis 15 Lasiurus borealis 10 Myotis sodalis 4 Pipistrellus subflavus 4 Eptesicus fuscus 4 Myotis lucifugus Lasionycteris noctivagans Lasiurus cinereus Rodentia Muridne: Sigmodontinae Peromyscus leucopus * 171 Peromyscus maniculatus 86 Reithrodontomys megalotis 16 Muridne: Arvicolinae Microtus ochrogaster * 157 Synaptomys cooperi * 27 Microtus pennsylvanicus * 12 Ondatra zibethicus * 2 Muridne: Murinae Mus musculus * 8 Dipodidne Zapus hudsonius 8 PRC Env.
Cau, Ces, Cho, (Saussure, de Perija Cor, Cun, LaG, 1860) Mag, NdS, San, VdC Tamandua Amazonia, Ama, Ara, Caq, 0-2000 tetradactyla Orinoquia Cas, Met, Vic (Linnaeus, 1758) Myrmecophaga Linnaeus, 1758 Myrmecophaga Amazonia, Ant, Boy, Cas, 0-1900 tridactyla Andina, Caribe, Ces, Gua, LaG, Linnaeus, 1758 Orinoquia Mag, Met, Nar, Vau SIRENIA Familia Trichechidae Trichechus Linnaeus, 1758 Trichechus Amazonia Ama, Caq, Put 0-90 inunguis (Natterer, 1883) Trichechus Caribe, Ara, Atl, Bol, 0-90 manatus Orinoquia Cas, Ces, Cor, Linnaeus, 1758 Mag, Met, San, Suc, Vic SORICOMORPHA Familia Soricidae Cryptotis Pomel, 1848 Cryptotis Andina: Cord.
A forest-dwelling soricine typically residing at elevations of 1,500-3,000 m, the Chinese mole shrew (family Soricidae, subfamily Soricinae) has a vast geographic range, extending from western and central People's Republic of China, northern Myanmar, northern Thailand, Assam, Bhutan, northern Vietnam, Taiwan, and possibly Lao People's Democratic Republic.