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Related to Sotho: Sotho language, Sotho people



a group of closely related languages, the most representative of which are Southern Sotho, the official language of Lesotho, and Northern Sotho, which is spoken in Transvaal Province in the Republic of South Africa. Speakers of Sotho number approximately 4 million (1967, estimate).

Sotho belongs to the southeastern zone of the Bantu languages. With the exception of a, vowels are characterized by an open/closed opposition; they constitute a nine-member system. The consonant system is characterized by the presence of three click sounds and a well-developed system of fricatives. There are 13 agreement classes with monosyllabic prefixes. Rudiments of locative prefixes are found in the pronouns. The verb abounds in derivative suffixes. A literature exists in Sotho and newspapers are published in the language.


Paroz, R. A. Elements of Southern Sotho, 2nd ed. Morija, 1959.
Ziervogel, D. Noordsotho-leerboek. Pretoria, 1949.
Doke, C. M. The Southern Bantu Languages. London-New York, 1954.
Mabille, A., and H. Dieterlen. Southern-Sotho-English Dictionary. Morija, 1950.
References in periodicals archive ?
Form, Content and Technique of Traditional Literature in Southern Sotho Pretoria: Sigma Press.
The Sotho and Tswana call it Selemela, and the Zulu isiLimela, who believed that these stars die in winter dusk and are reborn in the rainy season (the Pleiades reappear in the evening sky in October).
A similar danger of under-decoding the discourse of Welcome to Our Hillbrow might arise if the Northern Sotho proverb "a corpse is always de-skinned on someone else's back" (45, letlalo la motho ga le bapolelwe fase is not detected as a proverb).
Using ethnomathematics and the examination of different collections of divination tablets, bones, animal artifacts, and clothes, it can be concluded that the Zulu divination system can be linked with not only other Nguni sub-cultures such as the Sotho and Pedi but also with the Sikidy divination in Madagascar.
The Sun is ilanga in Xhosa and Zulu, duvha in Venda, zuva in Shona, and letsatsi in Sotho.
His example of TV as a medium in which 'characters will switch between English and Afrikaans, Zulu, Sotho, Xhosa or whatever language, often in the same sentence' does, however, appear to slide from a concept of linguistic exchange/hybridity into an example of multi-lingualism.
The questionnaire was translated into the major languages of the participants (Afrikaans, Northern Sotho, Southern Sotho, Tsonga, Tswana, isiXhosa and isiZulu).
In Sotho, a Bantu language, it means shine in your own wisdom and brilliance, which indeed is the philosophy of Katyal's magazine.
In southern Africa there are two main types of traditional practitioners: the herbalist (Zulu inyanga; Xhosa ixhwele; Tsonga nyanga; Sotho ngaka) and the diviner (Zulu isangoma; Xhosa igqirha lokuvumisa; Tsonga mungome; Sotho selaodi).
Mofolo's title, Moeti oa Bochabela, closely resembles the title of the 1868 Sotho translation of The Pilgrim's Progress: Leeto la Mokreste.
The questionnaire was translated into eight languages, namely, isiXhosa, isiZulu, Sepedi, Southern Sotho, Venda, Tsonga, Tswana and Ndebele to ensure that each respondent was engaged using his or her preferred language.