Sotnia


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Sotnia

 

(hundred). (1) A military unit in the army of Old Russia. Sotni existed in the 16th and 17th centuries in regiments of strel’tsy (musketeers).

(2) A military subunit in cossack units in prerevolutionary Russia; the sotnia was the equivalent of a troop in the regular cavalry.

(3) A military and administrative-territorial unit in the Ukraine from the 16th to 18th centuries. The sotnia emerged as the host of registered cossacks took form; it constituted part of a regiment. During the War of Liberation of the Ukrainian People of 1648–54, the regimental and sotnia structure was extended to the entire Ukraine. The sotnia was named for the locality in which its institutions were headquartered. From seven to 20 sotni of varying strength—from several dozen to several hundred men—were in a regiment. The sotnia was headed by a sotnik.

(4) Russian medieval soslovie-corporate organizations of the period from the 11th to 18th centuries (see, and ).

References in classic literature ?
Now and then he volunteered a little, a very little, information about his own sotnia of Cossacks, left apparently to look after themselves somewhere at the back of beyond.
Electronic auction: repair of public roads of local importance dorozhnaya street in the novaya sotnia village of the kopanyansky rural settlement of the olkhovatsky municipal district.
Four of the 82 protesters killed in Kiev's Independence Square were Jewish, and a Jewish sotnia, or "hundred" -- a term that is, ironically, associated with Cossacks who committed pogroms -- defended the square against Yanukovych's uniformed goons.
Our servant told me that it was a Sotnia (Russian army, one hundred people) accompanied by an officer.
During the time of transition from sotnia cavalry (with their emphasis on the bow and saber) to the reitary (with their emphasis on firearms and sword), the Muscovite command made use of Cossack cavalry for steppe campaigns.
In Muscovy in the second half of the 17th century, reitary cavalry regiments, which based their tactics on frontal assault and defense of infantry, baggage trains, and supply lines replaced the sotnia regiments, which previously had based their tactics on steppe hit-and-run methods that sought to lure the enemy into a trap or at least lead the enemy away from its objective.