Southampton

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Southampton,

city and unitary authority (2011 pop. 236,882), S England, at the head of Southampton Water. Southampton is Britain's second largest port. The London-Southampton railway, finished in 1840, and the double tide of the harbor made Southampton an important shipbuilding, trade, and tourist port as well as England's main ocean liner port. In 1951, a major oil tanker terminal and refinery were built on the western shore, and North Sea oil became a primary economic focus in 1978. There are several major manufactures, including automobiles and aircraft. Cables, electrical engineering products, and petrochemicals are also produced. Among its schools are the Univ. of Southampton and a teacher-training college.

Southampton is the site of the Roman Clausentum and of the Saxon Hamtune or Suth-Hamtun. Remains of the ancient town walls and reworked Norman structures may be seen. The Crusaders under Richard I, Henry V on his expedition to France (1415), and the Pilgrims all embarked from Southampton. Until the discovery (16th cent.) of a new trade route to India, Southampton had a lucrative trade in goods from the East with Venice. In the 18th cent. it was a fashionable spa. Trade with the United States, the construction of modern docks and the railroad to London (1840), and the coming of the steamboat all worked to convert the spa back into a commercial port. Southampton was one of Britain's chief military transport stations in both world wars. The city suffered considerable damage in World War II, as a result of which there are new dock facilities and shopping districts. The city received a grant of county land after the war to accommodate its growing industrial population.

Southampton

 

a city and administrative district in Great Britain, in Hampshire. A large passenger and freight port on the English Channel, with a sheltered, deep harbor. Population, 213,700 (1976). Food products destined for London pass through Southampton; in the outer harbor, near Calshot Castle, oil is received for the refinery at Fawley. The port’s freight turnover amounted to 27.9 million tons in 1974. Southampton’s industries include ship repair, the production of equipment for ships, and the manufacture of electrical equipment (cables). The city also has aircraft, automotive, food-processing, and petrochemical industries.


Southampton

 

an island off the coast of North America, in the northern part of Hudson Bay. Part of Canada. Area, 44,000 sq km. A plain with elevations to 533 m forms the island’s topography; there is tundra vegetation. The inhabitants are Eskimo and number approximately 300 (1967).

Southampton

1
3rd Earl of, title of Henry Wriothesley. 1573--1624, English courtier and patron of Shakespeare, who dedicated Venus and Adonis (1593) and The Rape of Lucrece (1594) to him: sentenced to death (1601) for his part in the Essex rebellion but reprieved

Southampton

2
1. a port in S England, in Southampton unitary authority, Hampshire on Southampton Water (an inlet of the English Channel): chief English passenger port; university (1952); shipyards and oil refinery. Pop.: 234 224 (2001)
2. a unitary authority in S England, in Hampshire. Pop.: 221 100 (2003 est.). Area: 49 sq. km (19 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Skybet - K Keegan to manage Soton on first day of next season: 4-7 no, 11-8 yes; D Villa's club at end of transfer window: 4-7 Real Madrid, 7-2 Barcelona, 10 Man United, 12 Liverpool, 16 Man City, 20 Valencia, Chelsea, 40 bar; F Ribery's club at end of transfer window: 1-2 Real Madrid, 5-2 Man Utd, 4 Bayern Munich, 5 Barcelona, 7 Chelsea, 20 Man City, 33 bar; S Eto'o's club at end of transfer window: 6-4 Barcelona, Man City, 4 Man Utd, 5 Inter, 16 Chelsea, 33 Liverpool.
Hull 0 Soton 2 SAINTS continued their relentless march to the Premier League by ending the 11-match unbeaten run of play-off chasing Hull.
Wolves, Burnley and Soton are the three Championship teams who have yet to win this season after falling behind.
Hull 0 Soton 2 ADAM LALLANA turned on the style which has marked him as an England prospect to keep Saints charging on towards promotion.
Soton can be expected to play their part with a new-look back four in Alexander Ostlund, Claus Lundekvam, Danny Higginbotham and Jim Brennan, who are gelling together neatly.
If you give the likes of Mark Kennedy and the excellent Tom Huddlestone time on the ball they will make teams pay, and Ivo Ganea, Seoul and George Ndah should threaten the Soton goal.
Saints have scored the first goal in 11 games this term and gone to win just five of those games and the 4-3 loss to Leeds last week from three goals up has highlighted the problems in the Soton camp.
The hosts started brightly but Soton looked the more at ease without getting in behind the Millwall back four.
sOtON v WatfOrD SAINTS boss Nigel Adkins wants his side to return to winning ways and go into the international break as the Championship leaders.
Other odds-on flops 4-9 Aberdeen, 4-7 Kilmarnock and Soton, 4-6 Wrexham and Northampton, 4-5 Brentford and Notts County, 17-10 Crystal Palace, 5-6 Tranmere 10-11 Everton, Dundee and Leeds, and 19-20 Scunthorpe.
He did it at Bournemouth, West Ham and P ortsmouth and now he is resurrecting Soton.