Souphanouvong


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Souphanouvong

 

Born July 13, 1909, in Luang Prabang. Laotian political figure. Prince.

Souphanouvong was educated in France as a civil engineer. He was active in the anticolonial Lao Issara (Free Laos) movement. From 1945 to 1949 he commanded the Lao Issara national army. In 1950 he headed the Free Lao Front (Neo Lao Issara), and in 1956 he became head of the Patriotic Front of Laos (Neo Lao Hak Sat). Souphanouvong was a member of two coalition governments formed by Souvanna Phouma, the first in 1957, lasting until the end of 1958, and the second in 1962. In the government of national unity established by the second coalition (which fell apart in 1963–64), Souphanouvong held the posts of deputy prime minister and minister of economy and planning. He played an important role in the Vientiane Agreement on Laos, signed on Feb. 21,1973, and the protocol to the agreement, signed on Sept. 14,1973. From April 1974 to December 1975 he headed the Joint National Political Council. In December 1975 he became president of the People’s Democratic Republic of Laos and chairman of the Supreme People’s Council. Souphanouvong made several official visits to the USSR.

References in periodicals archive ?
Khamxay, a minister to the Prime Minister's Office and the eldest son of the first Lao president, Prince Souphanouvong, has not shown up at his office with the Business Development Committee since April, according to the Lao-language service of RFA monitored in Bangkok.
On the other hand, Souphanouvong and the communist Neo Lao Hak Xat took a position favourable to Sihanouk.
Souphanouvong chose to immediately recognise Cambodia's border with Laos (Rathie, 'Laos-Cambodia relations', no page number).
The Lao government permitted Khamxay Souphanouvong, a minister previously thought missing, to take unlimited leave for medical treatment and activities in Europe, a diplomat at the Lao Embassy in Bangkok said Friday.
According to the diplomat, the government gave no special assignments to Khamxay, a minister with the Business Development Committee of the Prime Minister's Office and the eldest son of the first Lao president, Prince Souphanouvong.
The Hmong ghetto in Luang Prabang, which is sandwiched between Souphanouvong University and the Luang Prabang International Airport, was not there prior to 1975, when I was a student in Luang Prabang.
The problem is that this Lao prince was neither a 'faithful' colonial collaborator like King Sisavang Vong and his son nor a fellow traveller like the 'Red Prince', Souphanouvong.
During the first Indochina war between France and the communist movement in Vietnam, Prince Souphanouvong formed the Pathet Lao (Land of Laos) resistance organization committed to the communist struggle against colonialism.
A scene of a Hmong ghetto in Luang Prabang, which is sandwiched between the Luang Prabang International Airport and the Souphanouvong University.
This was countered by the 'Southeast Asian League', which was set-up in 1947 by the Lao Prince Souphanouvong (the so-called Red Prince), who became its first General Secretary.
He includes brief but interesting biographical studies on Prince Souphanouvong and Wilfred Burchett.
33) Even more important was the position of Souphanouvong, scion of the cadet line of the ruling family of Luang Prabang, half-brother of Souvanna Phouma, and clearly a man of merit.