South Island


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South Island

or

Te Waipounamu

[Maori,=the waters of greenstone] (1996 pop. 900,114), 58,093 sq mi (150,461 sq km), New Zealand. It is the larger but less populous of the two principal islands of the country and is also known as the Mainland. It is separated from North IslandNorth Island
or Te Ika-a-Maui
[Maori,=the fish of Maui] (1996 pop. 2,718,188), 44,702 sq mi (115,777 sq km), New Zealand. It is the smaller but more populous of the two principal islands of the country.
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, the other principal island, by Cook Strait and from Stewart IslandStewart Island,
island, 674 sq mi (1,746 sq km), S New Zealand, 20 mi (32 km) S of the South Island across Foveaux Strait. Halfmoon Bay is the main settlement. A mountainous and scenic island, it is a summer resort. Frozen fish and granite are exported.
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 by Foveaux Strait.

The island includes the extensive Canterbury Plains, on the central E coast, and the Southern AlpsSouthern Alps,
mountain range, on South Island, New Zealand, paralleling the west coast. It rises to 12,349 ft (3,764 m) at Mt. Aorangi (Mt. Cook), New Zealand's highest peak. Extensively glaciated, the snowcapped range has many deep gorges; Tasman and Franz Josef glaciers are there.
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, which extend almost the entire length of the island. The Clutha and Waitaki are the largest rivers. Much of the western half of the island is in national parks or other conservation lands; Fiordland National Park includes a major portion of the southwest. The South Island's principal cities are ChristchurchChristchurch,
city (1996 pop. 309,027), E South Island, New Zealand, on the Avon River. It is the third largest city in New Zealand and the commercial center of the productive Canterbury Plains.
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, DunedinDunedin
, city (1996 pop. 118,143), SE South Island, New Zealand, at the head of Otago Harbor. Dunedin, with Port Chalmers, is an important port and industrial center. The chief exports are wool, meat, and furniture. The Univ.
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, and InvercargillInvercargill
, city (1996 pop. 53,208), extreme S South Island, New Zealand, on the Southland Plain. It is an agricultural center with timber, wool, and food-processing industries. The Bluff, on the Foveaux Strait, is its port.
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.

The South Island is New Zealand's main source of native timber. Grain and fruit are grown and sheep are raised; the island's northeast includes some of New Zealand's top wine-producing regions. Some coal, gold, and oil is found on South Island. The island has several large hydroelectric projects.

South Island

 

the largest island of New Zealand. Area, 150,500 sq km. Population, 829,500 (1973). The South Island is separated from the North Island by Cook Strait and from Stewart Island by Foveaux Strait. The Southern Alps occupy almost the entire island, which reaches an elevation of 3,764 m at Mount Cook, New Zealand’s highest peak. In the east lie the Canterbury Plains, the chief farming region of New Zealand. In the southwest are the Southland Plain and the Otago Plateau, which has elevations of 1,200–1,300 m. The island has a subtropical, marine climate except in the extreme south, where the climate is temperate. The principal city is Christchurch.

South Island

the. the largest island of New Zealand, separated from the North Island by the Cook Strait. Pop.: 973 000 (2004 est.). Area: 153 947 sq. km (59 439 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
New Zealands year-round adventure capital is the South Islands Queenstown.
Christchurch, the largest city on New Zealand's ruggedly beautiful South Island, is still recovering from the 6.
One hundred percent New Zealand owned, the local arm of the franchise plans to open ten stores across the North and South Islands over the next 18 months and 60 within the next ten years.
Christchurch is the gateway for outdoor and adventure tourism in New Zealand's South Island and we anticipate our new service will cater to this growing demand,' added HH Sheikh Ahmed bin Saeed Al Maktoum.
These additional South Island locations mean the programme reaches its goal of 70 per cent of New Zealanders having access to a drop-off facility within 20km of their home.
The quake was centered 91 km (57 miles) north-northeast of Christchurch, the biggest city on New Zealand's South Island.
The geography of Farewell Spit on the South Island seems to work against whales, which regularly become stranded there.
Any guidebook will steer you on a course from Christchurch to Dunedin, Queenstown, Milford Sound, Abel Tasman and Marlborough on the South Island and Auckland, Rotorua, Napier and Wellington up on North Island.
Otago Polytechnic and the Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology (CPIT) incorporated the new standards in a joint degree offered in the South Island for the first time this year.
Despite the slowing economy and credit squeeze, business leaders remain confident of continued growth in the short term, according to the latest South Island Business Leaders' Survey conducted by accountancy firms Poison Higgs and McCulloch and Partners.
They are at Huntly East in the Waikato area of the North Island and at Greymouth and Reefton on the west coast of the South Island.
Mitre Peak, Fiordland National Park, New Zealand In the far southwest of New Zealand's South Island, spectacular snow-capped mountains tower majestically over the icy waters of Milford Sound in an area of incredible natural beauty.

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