South Island


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South Island

or

Te Waipounamu

[Maori,=the waters of greenstone] (1996 pop. 900,114), 58,093 sq mi (150,461 sq km), New Zealand. It is the larger but less populous of the two principal islands of the country and is also known as the Mainland. It is separated from North IslandNorth Island
or Te Ika-a-Maui
[Maori,=the fish of Maui] (1996 pop. 2,718,188), 44,702 sq mi (115,777 sq km), New Zealand. It is the smaller but more populous of the two principal islands of the country.
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, the other principal island, by Cook Strait and from Stewart IslandStewart Island,
island, 674 sq mi (1,746 sq km), S New Zealand, 20 mi (32 km) S of the South Island across Foveaux Strait. Halfmoon Bay is the main settlement. A mountainous and scenic island, it is a summer resort. Frozen fish and granite are exported.
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 by Foveaux Strait.

The island includes the extensive Canterbury Plains, on the central E coast, and the Southern AlpsSouthern Alps,
mountain range, on South Island, New Zealand, paralleling the west coast. It rises to 12,349 ft (3,764 m) at Mt. Aorangi (Mt. Cook), New Zealand's highest peak. Extensively glaciated, the snowcapped range has many deep gorges; Tasman and Franz Josef glaciers are there.
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, which extend almost the entire length of the island. The Clutha and Waitaki are the largest rivers. Much of the western half of the island is in national parks or other conservation lands; Fiordland National Park includes a major portion of the southwest. The South Island's principal cities are ChristchurchChristchurch,
city (1996 pop. 309,027), E South Island, New Zealand, on the Avon River. It is the third largest city in New Zealand and the commercial center of the productive Canterbury Plains.
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, DunedinDunedin
, city (1996 pop. 118,143), SE South Island, New Zealand, at the head of Otago Harbor. Dunedin, with Port Chalmers, is an important port and industrial center. The chief exports are wool, meat, and furniture. The Univ.
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, and InvercargillInvercargill
, city (1996 pop. 53,208), extreme S South Island, New Zealand, on the Southland Plain. It is an agricultural center with timber, wool, and food-processing industries. The Bluff, on the Foveaux Strait, is its port.
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.

The South Island is New Zealand's main source of native timber. Grain and fruit are grown and sheep are raised; the island's northeast includes some of New Zealand's top wine-producing regions. Some coal, gold, and oil is found on South Island. The island has several large hydroelectric projects.

South Island

 

the largest island of New Zealand. Area, 150,500 sq km. Population, 829,500 (1973). The South Island is separated from the North Island by Cook Strait and from Stewart Island by Foveaux Strait. The Southern Alps occupy almost the entire island, which reaches an elevation of 3,764 m at Mount Cook, New Zealand’s highest peak. In the east lie the Canterbury Plains, the chief farming region of New Zealand. In the southwest are the Southland Plain and the Otago Plateau, which has elevations of 1,200–1,300 m. The island has a subtropical, marine climate except in the extreme south, where the climate is temperate. The principal city is Christchurch.

South Island

the. the largest island of New Zealand, separated from the North Island by the Cook Strait. Pop.: 973 000 (2004 est.). Area: 153 947 sq. km (59 439 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Carl Harrington, director of craft beer maker Harrington's Breweries, says most of the major raw materials the company uses are grown in the South Island.
New Zealand Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA) divided the country into nine climate zones, with four zones in the North Island and five in the South Island (Fig.
The weather bureau has predicted warm and sunny weather to continue but warm South Island will soon get cooler with the cold front bringing in rain showers to Westland.
Mathew McDougall, Founder and CEO of Digital Jungle said, “Social media marketing is about creating relationships and given the airport is often the first port of call for a destination, this offers a unique way to welcome Chinese to Christchurch and the wider South Island of New Zealand.
There were also widespread power outages across the north of the South Island.
A common feature on the South Island, braided rivers occur when a build up of sediment in this case shingle causes the channel to split.
The travellers, from Switzerland and Canada, were visiting the country's South Island, when the Maitai river burst its banks.
Keen to maintain South Island engagement with the event and retain the economic benefits within the region, three of the five rescheduled pools were retained in the South Island.
Qantas also cancelled 22 flights to and from New Zealand and the Australian island-state of Tasmania, as well as eight flights within New Zealand's South Island, as the dust cloud from Chile's erupting Cordon Caulle volcano spread across the atmosphere.
Meantime Lauren Dargan has recently relocated to Dunedin in order to better service South Island customer requirements and Robyn Campbell is based in Hamilton and looks after the lower half of the North Island.
Susan Selway was in her fourth floor office in the Canterbury Television building, which was struck when tremors tore through the city of Christchurch on South Island earlier this week.
Washington, Dec 14 (ANI): A new research has indicated that the speed of early forest clearance following human colonisation of the South Island of New Zealand was a lot faster and intense than previously thought.

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