South Island


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South Island

or

Te Waipounamu

[Maori,=the waters of greenstone] (1996 pop. 900,114), 58,093 sq mi (150,461 sq km), New Zealand. It is the larger but less populous of the two principal islands of the country and is also known as the Mainland. It is separated from North IslandNorth Island
or Te Ika-a-Maui
[Maori,=the fish of Maui] (1996 pop. 2,718,188), 44,702 sq mi (115,777 sq km), New Zealand. It is the smaller but more populous of the two principal islands of the country.
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, the other principal island, by Cook Strait and from Stewart IslandStewart Island,
island, 674 sq mi (1,746 sq km), S New Zealand, 20 mi (32 km) S of the South Island across Foveaux Strait. Halfmoon Bay is the main settlement. A mountainous and scenic island, it is a summer resort. Frozen fish and granite are exported.
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 by Foveaux Strait.

The island includes the extensive Canterbury Plains, on the central E coast, and the Southern AlpsSouthern Alps,
mountain range, on South Island, New Zealand, paralleling the west coast. It rises to 12,349 ft (3,764 m) at Mt. Aorangi (Mt. Cook), New Zealand's highest peak. Extensively glaciated, the snowcapped range has many deep gorges; Tasman and Franz Josef glaciers are there.
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, which extend almost the entire length of the island. The Clutha and Waitaki are the largest rivers. Much of the western half of the island is in national parks or other conservation lands; Fiordland National Park includes a major portion of the southwest. The South Island's principal cities are ChristchurchChristchurch,
city (1996 pop. 309,027), E South Island, New Zealand, on the Avon River. It is the third largest city in New Zealand and the commercial center of the productive Canterbury Plains.
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, DunedinDunedin
, city (1996 pop. 118,143), SE South Island, New Zealand, at the head of Otago Harbor. Dunedin, with Port Chalmers, is an important port and industrial center. The chief exports are wool, meat, and furniture. The Univ.
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, and InvercargillInvercargill
, city (1996 pop. 53,208), extreme S South Island, New Zealand, on the Southland Plain. It is an agricultural center with timber, wool, and food-processing industries. The Bluff, on the Foveaux Strait, is its port.
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.

The South Island is New Zealand's main source of native timber. Grain and fruit are grown and sheep are raised; the island's northeast includes some of New Zealand's top wine-producing regions. Some coal, gold, and oil is found on South Island. The island has several large hydroelectric projects.

South Island

 

the largest island of New Zealand. Area, 150,500 sq km. Population, 829,500 (1973). The South Island is separated from the North Island by Cook Strait and from Stewart Island by Foveaux Strait. The Southern Alps occupy almost the entire island, which reaches an elevation of 3,764 m at Mount Cook, New Zealand’s highest peak. In the east lie the Canterbury Plains, the chief farming region of New Zealand. In the southwest are the Southland Plain and the Otago Plateau, which has elevations of 1,200–1,300 m. The island has a subtropical, marine climate except in the extreme south, where the climate is temperate. The principal city is Christchurch.

South Island

the. the largest island of New Zealand, separated from the North Island by the Cook Strait. Pop.: 973 000 (2004 est.). Area: 153 947 sq. km (59 439 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Spark New Zealand, including the CCL Group, Spark Digital, Appserv and Revera, will be a stronger and diverse competitor in the market, with additional South Island strength and scale.
Hannah Moes, a MetService meteorologist, said that previously warm places in South Island will experience less heat in the coming days except Central Otago.
81% of international visitors to the South Island are welcomed and farewelled at Christchurch Airport.
Heavy rainfall in the South Island has forced several road closures, and a state of emergency has been declared in the Nelson-Tasman region.
The main roads to Queenstown were also closed, leaving the South Island ski centre isolated, and the NZ Transport Authority reported more than a dozen highways around the country were impassable.
British chef Gregory Tobin, 25, from Tadcaster, North Yorkshire, died when the quake tore apart Christchurch on South Island earlier this week.
The team reconstructed the environmental history of 16 small lakes in the South Island, New Zealand.
Mr Briggs, known to his friends as "Mad Pom", became stranded with his border collie-cross named Little Dog after plunging 15ft down a cliff on the Douglas Glacier in South Island.
New Zealand law bans the publication of pictures of juvenile criminals so police in the South Island city of Christchurch came up with the novel solution in a bid to catch the prolific burglar.
Glaciologist Dr Martin Brook says Tasman Glacier on South Island was 18 miles long in 1990, with virtually no lake at its front edge.
A continental plate boundary; tectonics at South Island, New Zealand.
A Two of the most popular locations for swimming with dolphins are found on New Zealand's South island.

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