Southern Africa


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Southern Africa

 

a natural region of Africa that lies south of the divide formed by the Congo-Zambezi plateau, between 12° and 13° S lat. Southern Africa includes Madagascar and the Mascarene Islands.

Most of Southern Africa is occupied by the high plains of the Kalahari, which are surrounded by uplands with elevations of 1,500–2,000 m (up to 3,660 m in the Drakensberg Mountains). The region drops off abruptly to coastal lowlands along the Atlantic and Indian oceans (seeGREAT ESCARPMENT). Cape mountains are in the extreme south. A tropical trade-wind climate, dry for the most part, predominates; in the extreme south the climate is subtropical.

Southern Africa’s largest rivers are the Limpopo and the Zambezi, which flow into the Indian Ocean, and the Orange and the Cunene, which flow into the Atlantic. The region has dry deciduous thin forests and various types of savannas and deserts; subtropical evergreen forests grow in the extreme south. Various reserves and Kruger National Park, the largest national park in the Republic of South Africa, have been established for the protection of such animals as lions, leopards, elephants, water buffalo, rhinoceroses, and giraffes.

The Republic of South Africa, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Lesotho, Botswana, Angola, Zambia, Mozambique, and Malawi lie completely or partially within Southern Africa, as do the islands of Madagascar and Mauritius.

References in classic literature ?
One hastens to southern Africa to chase the giraffe; but surely that is not the game he would be after.
Altogether it was a perfect night, such a night as you sometimes get in Southern Africa, and it threw a garment of peace over everybody as the moon threw a garment of silver over everything.
These, from their regular form and position, reminded me of the drawings of the Hottentot habitations in Southern Africa.
The Southern Africa Awards are designed to reward innovation and the ability to gain market share.
Another notable winner in the regional categories was Sasfin Bank, which took home the award for Best Commercial Bank Southern Africa.
Annual container trade capacity is up 8 percent, but there are fewer services calling at East and Southern Africa (ESAF) box ports.
The four-day workshop will review the implementation of IFAD-funded projects in East and Southern Africa and look at ways to foster the transformation of rural economies and communities and improve rural development interventions that provide rural people a way out of hunger and poverty.
Around 32m people expected to be 'food insecure' between June 2016 and March 2017 in Southern Africa
Voices of Zimbabwean Orphans: A New Vision for Project Management in Southern Africa
Go See Southern Africa is a collaborative campaign with participation from leading tour operators, destination tourism organizations, hotels and safari lodges to generate increased awareness on travel to Southern Africa.
27 November 2014 - The South Africa's unit of UK oil and gas major BP plc (LON:BP), BP Southern Africa (BPSA), said it had sold a 25% stake in the business to Kapela and the BPSA Education Foundation.
As of today, FedEx Express is offering a complete suite of export, import and domestic solutions across Southern Africa, connecting the region to more than 220 countries and territories worldwide, enhancing customers' business flexibility and speed to market," he said

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