Spalding, John

Spalding, John (Lancaster)

(1840–1916) Catholic prelate; born in Peoria, Ill. The nephew of Bishop Martin Spalding, he studied theology in Europe, where he was ordained (1863). He became widely known for sermons and writings. As bishop of Peoria (1877–1908) he strongly supported parochial schools and free inquiry; he pressed for the establishment of Catholic University (Washington, D.C.), of which he was a cofounder (1887).