Sparidae


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Related to Sparidae: family Sparidae, Chaetodontidae

Sparidae

[′spar·ə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
A family of perciform fishes in the suborder Percoidei, including the porgies.

Sparidae

 

(porgies), a family of fishes of the order Perciformes. The tall, laterally compressed body is rounded or elongate; it ranges in length from 10 cm to 1.5 m. The back is arched. The coloration is bright and varied. The mouth is in the form of a straight slit; the teeth are numerous and of various shapes, depending on the mode of feeding (predacious, planktivorous, herbivorous). There is a single dorsal fin; its anterior rays are powerful spines that are retractible into a groove on the back.

There are more than 30 genera of porgies, distributed in the temperate and tropical waters of the world ocean. The fishes live close to shore in shallow bays and inlets; they sometimes enter the mouth of rivers. Porgies are only rarely encountered far offshore. Nine species, from eight genera, are found in the waters of the USSR (Black Sea, Sea of Azov, Sea of Japan). The species include representatives of the genera Dentex, Pagrus, and Diplodus. All porgies are hermaphroditic. Most species are commercially valuable.

REFERENCES

Svetovidov, A. N. Ryby Chernogo moria. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964.
Nikol’skii, G. V. Chastnaia ikhtiologiia, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1971.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The diminutive size of the sparid jaw elements not identified beyond a family level complement the evidence provided by the estimated size range for snapper and bream: the Mt Trefle fish assemblage is dominated by a high frequency of small juvenile fish of the family Sparidae.
Volume 12 (Fowler, 1933) dealt with Banjosidae, Lethrinidae, Sparidae, Girellidae, Kyphosidae, Oplegnathidae, Gerreidae, Mullidae, Emmelichthyidae, Sciaenidae, Sillaginidae, Arripidae, and Enoplosidae.
The fishes of the families Banjosidae, Lethrinidae, Sparidae, Girellidae, Kyphosidae, Oplegnathidae, Gerridae, Mullidae, Emmelichthyidae, Sciaenidae, Sillaginidae, Arripidae, and Enoplosidae collected by the United States Bureau of Fisheries steamer "Albatross," chiefly in Philippine seas and adjacent waters.
The target species were common octopus (Octopus vulgaris) for the octopus traps, and Sparidae (axillary seabream (Pagellus acarne), common pandora (P.
Four species were from the family Serranidae, red grouper (Epinephelus morio), rock hind (Epinephelus adscensionis), speckled hind (Epinephelus drummondhayi), gag grouper (Mycteroperca microlepis), and one from a related perciform family, Sparidae, the spottail pinfish (Diplodus holbrooki).