Swat

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Swat

(swät), district of the Malakand division, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (formerly North-West Frontier Province), Pakistan. Saidu Sharif is the capital. The largely inaccessible region is reached by air and through mountain passes from the south and east. Swat was famous for its beautiful forests and gardens and had a noted wood-carving industry, but its extensive deodar forests in the north have been drastically deforested. Agriculture is dominated by the growing of potatoes for export and of vegetables and fruits for urban markets. Tourism was a major industry prior to the rise of Islamic militants in the early 21st cent.

Archaeological evidence indicates that Swat's history dates back to at least the 3d cent. B.C. Long a stronghold of Buddhism, it has several Buddhist stupas. In 2007–8 there was fighting in Swat between Pakistani troops and Islamic militants. A peace agreement was signed with the militants in May, 2008, but fighting resumed two months later. In Feb., 2009, the government, which had failed to rout the militants, agreed to a cease-fire and the establishment of Islamic rule in the district. The situation deteriorated, however, following government operations in April against militants in nearby areas, and in May–July the government mounted a major offensive in Swat that largely reestablished government control. Swat was among those areas most severely devastated by the monsoon floods of 2010.

Swat

1. a former princely state of NW India: passed to Pakistan in 1947
2. a river in Pakistan, rising in the north and flowing south to the Kabul River north of Peshawar. Length: about 640 km (400 miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Sergeant Hubbs, a 16-year veteran of the San Diego, California, Police Department, has served on the SWAT Special Response Team for 13 years.
The Lane County Sheriff's Special Response Team found a dead man in his house after trying to contact him with a loudspeaker, Cottage Grove Police Chief Mike Grover said.
Officers from the department's Special Response Team and Glendale police crisis negotiators convinced Straub to surrender about 4:45 p.
Because of Wright's criminal history, possession of weapons, the presence of other known felons and attack dogs, the Marshal's Service used its special response team and an Oregon National Guard light armored vehicle in the raid.
So police tossed tear gas into the home and 28 members of the Special Response Team, wearing gas masks, went inside.
GLENDALE - A 28-year-old man suspected of being suicidal fired a gunshot inside a house Thursday, prompting police to evacuate neighbors and call out the Special Response Team, officials said.
A Glendale police helicopter and the department's Special Response Team also aided in the manhunt, which led to the closure of the 300 block of Brand Boulevard.
Another day after that, the gendarmes were in turn upgraded to a van full of riot gear-clad police special response teams clutching precision carbines and sniper rifles.
Police closed off Column Road to motorists as firefighters including special response teams tackled the fire.

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