lip reading

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lip reading,

method by which the deaf are able to read the speech of others from the movements of the lips and mouth. It is sometimes referred to as speech reading, which technically also includes the reading of facial expressions and body language. Lip reading is a medium of education in many schools for deaf children (see deafnessdeafness,
partial or total lack of hearing. It may be present at birth (congenital) or may be acquired at any age thereafter. A person who cannot detect sound at an amplitude of 20 decibels in a frequency range of from 800 to 1,800 vibrations per second is said to be hard of
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). It came into wide use after World War IWorld War I,
1914–18, also known as the Great War, conflict, chiefly in Europe, among most of the great Western powers. It was the largest war the world had yet seen.
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 in the rehabilitation of shell-shocked, or otherwise deafened, soldiers.

Bibliography

See publications of the National Association of Hearing and Speech Agencies (formerly American Hearing Society); O. M. Wyatt, Teach Yourself Lip-Reading (1961, repr. 1969); E. Hazard, Lipreading for the Oral Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Person (1971); J. Jeffers, Speechreading (1971).

References in periodicals archive ?
Speechreading classes are just one of the many special deafness services offered by CCPS.
Even today, educators, doctors, parents, and deaf people still argue over whether deaf children should be encouraged and taught to communicate through speech and speechreading only, in American Sign Language, in a modified version of signed English, or by a combination of methods.
Although most deaf people do get information from lip movements, skill, experience, and comfort in speechreading vary tremendously.
When this occurs, speechreading becomes harder or impossible for the deaf person because of the difficulty in focusing on the speaker's mouth.
Even hearing people develop and use some speechreading ability, of ten unconsciously, especially when background noise interferes with hearing.
Persons with profound hearing impairment would also benefit from using the TR1/3 and TRHA algorithms to improve their speechreading.
Additionally, effective speechreading requires an excellent grasp of the English language, something which is extremely difficult for any who have never heard it spoken.
A person is deemed successful if he or she attains fluency in spoken language, and has good speechreading skills.
People with adult-onset deafness generally require enormous amounts of motivation and time to become fluent in sign language or speechreading.
Persons who are deaf may use either speechreading or one of many methods of sign language as their primary method of communicating and learning.
Consideration should be given to the facilitation of speechreading and use of residual hearing.
When using these techniques, the mouth motions should never be overemphasized, since exaggeration makes speechreading more difficult (Birch, 1975; gildston, 1973).