Sphingidae


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Related to Sphingidae: Arctiidae, Noctuidae, Satyridae

Sphingidae

[′sfin·jə‚dē]
(invertebrate zoology)
The single family of the lepidopteran superfamily Sphingoidea.

Sphingidae

 

a family of hawk moths. They are of average and large size; the wingspan is 2 to 18 cm. They are characterized by a cigar-shaped body, narrow elongated forewings, and spindle-shaped antennae. The insects can fly with a velocity of up to 54 km/hr and “stand” in the air, sucking nectar from flowers with their long tongue while in flight. (The length of the tongue in the Madagascar hawk moth, Macrosila predicta, exceeds 25 cm.) Sphingidae caterpillars are always naked. They feed on leaves, stripping the shoots bare. There are about 1,200 species, which are found throughout the world. Most are found in the tropics; in the European part of the USSR there are 26 species, and about 40 are found in the Far East. Some members of the family Sphingidae are capable of long flights. (Daphnis nerii flies from the shores of the Black Sea to Finland.) The pupae winter in the soil. Some species are harmful to one or several closely related plants, most frequently woody plants. The pine hawk moth (Sphinx pinastri) and the eyed hawk moth (Smerinthus ocellatus) are among the harmful species in the USSR. The convolvulus hawk moth (Herse convolvuli) is useful in destroying bindweed in the southern Ukraine.

REFERENCES

Kuznetsov, N. Ia. “Obzor semeistva Sphingidae palearkticheskoi i otchasti paleanarkticheskoi (kitaisko-gimalaiskoi) fauny.” Tr. Russkogo entomologicheskogo obshchestva, 1906, vol. 37, nos. 3–4.
Zhizn’ zhivotnykh. Edited by L. A. Zenkevich, vol. 3. Moscow, 1969.
Seitz, A. Die Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde, section 1, vol. 2. Stuttgart, 1913.

V. I. KUZNETSOV

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Las especies de Sphingidae de la Reserva Privada Yacutinga, Provincia de Misiones, Argentina.
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El objetivo del presente trabajo es dar a conocer la primera lista de especies de Saturniidae, Sphingidae y Geometridae encontrados en la Reserva de la Biosfera Yaboti y zonas aledanas durante 2012 y comunicar la presencia de especies y generos no citados previamente en la literatura para Misiones y Argentina.
Asimismo, para algunas especies de la familia Sphingidae tambien se reporta el aumento de la riqueza en temperaturas superiores a los 26.
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The extraordinary number and diversity of long-spurred Orchidaceae in Madagascar appears to be a direct coevolutionary consequence of an Old-World-unique diversity of long-tongued archaic Sphingidae that has persisted in this isolated land (Nilsson et al.
Foi constatado o parasitismo em especies de cinco familias de lepidopteros (Gelechiidae, Noctuidae, Pyralidae, Sphingidae e Tortricidae) e em C.
A interpretacao mais acertada para explicar o porque de mariposas da familia Sphingidae serem, as vezes, confundidas com pequenos beija-flores e a seguinte: tais mariposas (eg.
They came to the conclusion that the species' natural pollinators, hawk moths of the family Sphingidae, were not visiting the orchids at this site.