Sphyraenidae


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Related to Sphyraenidae: Scombridae

Sphyraenidae

[sfə′rē·nə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
A family of shore fishes in the suborder Mugiloidei of the order Perciformes comprising the barracudas.

Sphyraenidae

 

(barracuda), a family of marine fishes of the order Mugiloidea. Body length, up to 3 m. The large mouth contains powerful teeth set in deep alveoli. There is one genus, comprising several species. Barracuda are distributed primarily in tropical waters. Two species are encountered in the USSR: Sphyraena sphyraena is found in the Black Sea, and S. pinguis dwells in the Sea of Japan. S. Sphyraena is up to 1 m long and lives at depths to 100 m; it is a predator, feeding on small fishes. Barracuda roe are pelagic. Large species of Sphyraenidae may attack man. Barracuda are commercially valuable.

The Russian common name for the family Sphyraenidae, morskie shchuki, is also used to designate fishes of the genus Molva of the family Gadidae, as well as the fish Thylosurus anastomella of the family Belonidae.

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45 Sphyraenidae Sphyraeaa barracuda -- -- -- Bothidae Cyclopsetta fimbriata -- -- -- Undetermined -- -- 0.
1 (31) Pomacentridae Abudefduf saxatilis 45 (16-29) 2 (18-19) 4 (16-20) Sphyraenidae Sphyraena barracuda Sphyraena borealis * 1 (31) Gempylidae Gempylus serpens Scombridae Auxis thazard * 2 (62-86) Katsuwonus pelamis Scomber colias Scomber scombrus Istiophoridae Istiophorus platypterus * 4 (22-41) 4 (32-118) Makaira nigricans Nomeidae Psenes cyanophrys 5 (35-52) Balistidae Balistes capriscus 345 (10-74) 19 (12-113) 37 (11-63) Canthidermis maculata 17 (11-24) 2 (14-22) Canthidermis sufflamen 26 (11-18) 1 (45) Xanthichthys ringens 1 (21) 1 (65) Unidentified 2 (N/A) Monacanthidae Aluterus heudelotii 69 (25-70) 1 (50) 4 (31-44) Aluterus monoceros 34 (33-151) 6 (53-95) Aluterus schoepfii 21 (18-69) Aluterus scriptus 42 (20-113) 5 (36-122) Aluterus sp.
El 6% de las especies restantes fueron consumidores de tercer orden (piscivoras) y pertenecieron a las familias Carangidae (Trachinotus goodei (Jordan & Everman), Lutjanidae (Lutjanus apodus (Walbaum) y Sphyraenidae (Sphyraena barracuda (Walbaum).