Juan José Arévalo

(redirected from Spiritual socialism)

Arévalo, Juan José

 

Born Sept. 10, 1904. Guatemalan social and political figure and writer. Doctor of philosophy and pedagogical science.

During Ubico’s dictatorship (1931–44), Arévalo was exiled from the country. In 1945 he returned to Guatemala and was elected president (1945–51). As a bourgeois democrat and reformer, Arévalo put into effect a number of socioeconomic changes, established diplomatic relations with the USSR (1945), and took part in working out the Constitution of 1945, which introduced fundamental bourgeois democratic freedoms.

Arévalo is an ideologist of the petite bourgeoisie. His philosophical views received their fullest reflection in his book The Pedagogics of Personality. Arévalo is also the author of belles-lettres and publicistic works. Since 1954 he has been living in exile in Mexico.

WORKS

Guatemala la democracia y el imperio, 2nd ed. Mexico City, 1954.
Fábula del tiburón y las sardinas, 5th ed. Buenos Aires, 1959. (Contains a bibliography.)
References in periodicals archive ?
These contributors held different opinions about the nature of socialism and the best way to pursue the democratic ideal: some thought that electoral gain was the only effective medium by which social reform could be achieved, while others believed in a spiritual socialism which they felt was limited or sullied by parliamentary politics.
Undoubtedly, Vaninskaya is right to question the myth-making of a fin de siecle "golden age of socialism" and to draw attention to the fact that strains of "communitarian" or spiritual socialism reached far back into the nineteenth century and also forward into the twentieth and twenty-first.