Springfield


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See also: National Parks and Monuments (table)National Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Description
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 48,419 (19,603) Mountain and coast scenery.
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Springfield.

1 City (1990 pop. 105,227), state capital and seat of Sangamon co., central Ill., on the Sangamon River; settled 1818, inc. as a city 1840. In a rich agricultural region (sorghum, corn, cattle, and dairying), it is a wholesale trade, retail, and distribution center. Its varied industries produce consumer goods, flour, transportation equipment, parking meters, building materials, machinery, and electrical and electronic products. There is also book publishing. Oil and natural-gas fields lie to the south. The city is the seat of Springfield College in Illinois, Benedictine University, and the Univ. of Illinois at Springfield. Nearby are New Salem Historic Site, Camp Butler National Cemetery, and Lake Springfield.

Abraham Lincoln, who was instrumental in having Springfield made the state capital in 1839, lived and practiced law there from 1837 to 1861. He is buried nearby, with his wife and three of their children, in a tomb and monument designed by L. G. Mead and dedicated in 1874. Lincoln's home is preserved as a national historic site. Other places of interest include the capitol (1867–87), built in the style of Renaissance architecture; the old capitol (1837), where Lincoln made his "House Divided" speech and which contains the state historical library; several Lincoln museums, including the Depot Museum, where Lincoln made his farewell address (1861), and that at the Lincoln presidential library; the governor's mansion (1853–57); the state art gallery; and the state fairgrounds. Vachel LindsayLindsay, Vachel
(Nicholas Vachel Lindsay) , 1879–1931, American poet, b. Springfield, Ill., studied at Hiram College, the Art Institute of Chicago, and the New York School of Art. Lindsay made tours selling his poems and drawings, living as a modern-day troubadour.
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 was born in Springfield; his house is a museum.

2 Industrial city (1990 pop. 156,983), seat of Hampden co., SW Mass., on the Connecticut River; inc. 1641. A port of entry, the city has significant printing and publishing industries. Among its many manufactures are ordnance, chemicals, plastics, machinery, electrical equipment, paper and metallurgical goods, and clothing. The city is the seat of Springfield College, American International College, and Western New England College. Saint-GaudensSaint-Gaudens, Augustus
, 1848–1907, American sculptor, b. Dublin, Ireland. His family immigrated to New York when he was an infant. An apprentice in cameo cutting at 13, he gained mastery over low-relief sculpture.
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' Puritan is in Merrick Park. Also in the city are Forest Park (which has a zoo), the Basketball Hall of Fame, and several additional museums.

Springfield was settled (1636) by Puritans under William PynchonPynchon, William,
c.1590–1662, American colonist and theologian, b. England. An original patentee and assistant in the Massachusetts Bay Company, he migrated to America in 1630, where he helped found Roxbury and served as treasurer of the colony (1632–34).
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, and was one of the scenes in Shays's RebellionShays's Rebellion,
1786–87, armed insurrection by farmers in W Massachusetts against the state government. Debt-ridden farmers, struck by the economic depression that followed the American Revolution, petitioned the state senate to issue paper money and to halt foreclosure
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 (1786–87) and a station on the Underground RailroadUnderground Railroad,
in U.S. history, loosely organized system for helping fugitive slaves escape to Canada or to areas of safety in free states. It was run by local groups of Northern abolitionists, both white and free blacks.
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. The U.S. Armory, which operated there from 1794 to 1966, was famous for the development of the Springfield and Garand army rifles; it now contains an arms museum and is a national historic site (see National Parks and MonumentsNational Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Description
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 48,419 (19,603) Mountain and coast scenery.
..... Click the link for more information.
, table). Basketball was invented at what is now Springfield College in 1891 by James NaismithNaismith, James
, 1861–1939, American athletic director, inventor (1891) of basketball, b. Almonte, Ontario. While an instructor of physical education at the International YMCA Training School (now Springfield College) at Springfield, Mass.
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. The first American-made projection planetarium was designed and built (1937) by Frank Korkosz for the city's science museum, which also contains an aquarium.

3 City (1990 pop. 140,494), seat of Greene co., SW Mo., in a resort area of the Ozarks; inc. 1846. It is the industrial, trade, service, and shipping center of a rich agricultural area producing dairy goods, livestock, poultry, grains, and fruit. The city's manufactures include metal, wood, and paper products; motor vehicles and transportation equipment; foods; machinery; electronic goods; apparel; feeds; and artificial flowers. Springfield is the seat of Drury Univ., Southwest Missouri State Univ., Evangel Univ., Baptist Bible College, and Central Bible College. It is also the international headquarters of the Assemblies of God church. In the Civil War, Springfield was taken by Confederate forces after the battle (1861) of Wilson's Creek; nearby are the battlefield and a national cemetery. "Wild Bill" HickokHickok, Wild Bill,
1837–76, American frontier marshal, b. Troy Grove, near Ottawa, Ill. His real name was James Butler Hickok. He took part in the Kansas struggle preceeding the Civil War, was a driver of the Butterfield stage line, and gained fame as a gunfighter.
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 lived in the city.

4 City (1990 pop. 70,487), seat of Clark co., W central Ohio, on the Mad River; settled 1799, inc. as a city 1850. A manufacturing center in a rich farm area, it is especially known for its production of farm machinery and trucks. Other goods include are machinery, tools, and a variety of metal (iron and steel) products. The city grew with the building of the National Road (1838), the arrival of the railroads (mid-1800s), and the establishment of farm-machinery plants (late 1800s). Wittenberg Univ. is there, as is Frank Lloyd Wright's Westcott House. Nearby is George Rogers Clark Park.

5 City (1990 pop. 44,683), Lane co., W central Oregon, between the McKenzie and Willamette rivers; inc. 1885. Near the forested foothills of the Cascade Range, the city has important lumbering and forest-product industries. Berries, nuts, poultry, dairy products, nursery plants, smoked fish, and chemicals are also produced. The McKenzie River recreational area is nearby.

6 Uninc. town (1990 pop. 23,706), Fairfax co., NE Va., a suburb of Washington, D.C. Its manufactures include foods, paper and concrete products, transportation equipment, medical devices, machinery, computers, and furniture.

Springfield

 

a city in the United States; capital of the state of Illinois. Population, 94,000 (1974; with suburbs, 175,000). A railroad and highway junction, Springfield is the center of an agricultural region that grows corn and soybeans. In 1974,10,000 people were employed in the city’s industries, which include metalworking, machine building, and food processing.


Springfield

 

a city in the northeastern part of the United States, in New England, in the state of Massachusetts. Situated on the Connecticut River. Population, 160,000 (1974; with suburbs, 550,000). In 1973, 62,000 people were employed in industry. Springfield is a major center for the production of machine tools, instruments, and office machines. It also has enterprises for the production of electrical machinery, chemicals, rubber, paper, and firearms. Printing is another important industry. The city was founded in 1636.


Springfield

 

a city in the United States, in the state of Missouri. Population, 125,000 (1974; with suburbs, 180,000). Springfield is a railroad junction and an agricultural and mining center. In 1973, 19,000 people were employed in industry. The city has metalworking, machine-building, leather-footwear, and food-processing industries.


Springfield

 

a city in the eastern part of the United States, in the state of Ohio. Population, 80,000 (1974; with suburbs, 190,000). In 1974, 23,000 people were employed in industry. The city produces industrial and construction equipment, automotive parts, and farm machinery. There are also electrical and radio-electronics industries. The city was founded in 1799.


Springfield

 

a city in Great Britain, in Lancashire, near the port of Preston. A center of the nuclear industry, Springfield produces enriched uranium.

Springfield

1. a city in S Massachusetts, on the Connecticut River: the site of the US arsenal and armoury (1794--1968), which developed the Springfield and Garand rifles. Pop.: 152 157 (2003 est.)
2. a city in SW Missouri. Pop.: 150 867 (2003 est.)
3. a city in central Illinois, capital of the state: the home and burial place of Abraham Lincoln. Pop.: 113 586 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Arrangements by Major Family Funeral Home in Springfield.
The founder of the town is Jebediah Springfield, who has his own statue.
Equipment that has exceeded its promised operating rates and service that surpasses expectations is why CMC's Springfield location now has three Fuchs scrap handlers on the job.
In 1981 Springfield relocated for six months to Toronto, home of a new love, singer-songwriter Carole Pope.
Other Zenith workers and ex-workers confirm that in Springfield they merely engaged in simple screwdriver operations, attaching CRTs and chassis assemblies to cabinets, connecting speaker wires, and attaching yokes, beam benders, labels, and cabinet backs to the chassis assembly.
The essay winner will get a $100 savings bond, four VIP tickets to a Springfield Cardinals game, the opportunity to throw out the first pitch, four Springfield Cardinals' hats and a special behind the game tour which includes meeting Springfield Cardinals Players.
The crowd that included many state and local elected and appointed officials gathered to hear from Murren, MGM Springfield President Michael Mathis, Massachusetts Gaming Commission Chairman Steve Crosby, Springfield Mayor Domenic Sarno, and Revitalize CDC Associate Director Ethel Griffin.
1-714-427-3000; or Media Relations, Cecilia Wilkinson, or Julie MacMedan, both of PondelWilkinson MS&L, +1-310-207-9300, for Springfield College
Kirk Sanderbeck, senior technician for Garrett-Springfield was also honored as the recipient of the FAA Avionics Technician of the Year award for the Springfield FSDO district and the Avionics Technician of the Year for the Great Lakes Region.
Wells - Rachel Patrick and Michael Wells, of Springfield, a son.
24 /PRNewswire/ -- Western Ohio Financial Corporation (Nasdaq: WOFC), parent corporation of Springfield Federal Savings Bank, Springfield, Ohio, has announced that the Corporation will pay its first cash dividend of $0.
NEW ORLEANS -- Residents, students, and business people in downtown Springfield now have free wireless Internet access thanks to BelAir Networks, the first company to offer scalable wide-area wireless broadband for metro-scale deployments, and SpringNet(R), a division of City Utilities of Springfield, MO, and a next generation broadband service provider.

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