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Related to Sputnik: Yuri Gagarin


see satellite, artificialsatellite, artificial,
object constructed by humans and placed in orbit around the earth or other celestial body (see also space probe). The satellite is lifted from the earth's surface by a rocket and, once placed in orbit, maintains its motion without further rocket propulsion.
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; space explorationspace exploration,
the investigation of physical conditions in space and on stars, planets, and other celestial bodies through the use of artificial satellites (spacecraft that orbit the earth), space probes (spacecraft that pass through the solar system and that may or may not
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(spût -nik) Any of a series of Soviet artificial satellites, the first of which – Sputnik 1 – was the first spacecraft to be placed in orbit. This 58-cm diameter sphere, weighing 84 kg, was launched on Oct. 4 1957; it burnt up in the Earth's atmosphere 92 days later. The orbit had a period of 96 minutes, an apogee and perigee (highest and lowest altitudes) of about 950 km and 230 km, and was inclined at 65° to the equator. Its radio signals were transmitted every 0.6 seconds. It contained few instruments, being intended as a test vehicle. The launching of Sputnik 1 had a profound effect in accelerating America's space program.

Sputnik 2, launched on Nov. 3 1957, was very much bigger. It carried about 500 kg in payload, including a live dog, Laika, which survived the launch, as well as 10 experiments. Sputnik 3, launched on May 15 1958, weighed about 1330 kg and remained in orbit for 691 days.

References in periodicals archive ?
Still, the Americans have demanded that Turkey close the border the terrorists use to move in to get rest, obtain new weapons and equipment and medicine," Morozov told Radio Sputnik.
In addition to the service for old equipment of the Sputnik engineering AG we will continuously develop new equipment, which are optimally tailored to the respective customer needs and market requirements," said SolarMax managing director Mathias Mader.
He said: "The arrival of Sputnik News is yet another example of Edinburgh's broad international appeal.
Founded in early 2014 by a team of Wall Street and Internet veterans, Mimetic has developed the Sputnik Exchange Engine, a robust platform for trading cash, futures, and prediction contracts.
I remember occasions when we observed (and photographed) a Sputnik over Tristan da Cunha and Madagascar.
Although there is a certain insecurity due to changing announcements of FIT cuts today, profit estimations and successful examples show that solar is still a very profitable investment," said Daniel Freudiger, General Manager of Sputnik Engineering International AG.
Half a century ago, when the Soviets beat us into space with the launch of a satellite called Sputnik, we had no idea how we would beat them to the moon.
Aiming to shed light on the relationship between science and the state, he examines the role of the committee in considering technical and policy issues relating to specific events during the twentieth century, such as the Cold War, the establishment of NASA, the debates over nuclear weapons, the Sputnik crisis of 1957, the Vietnam War, the funding of the Stanford linear electron accelerator, the shaping of the Apollo moon-landing project, and the Kennedy administration's response to Rachel Carson's Silent Spring.
Sputnik takes place in the courtyard of the Bluecoat in School Lane today and tomorrow at 11am, 2pm and 4pm.
On television, Edward Teller, father of the hydrogen bomb, proclaimed Sputnik-short for Sputnik Zemlyi, "traveling companion of the world"--a greater "and more important" defeat for the U.
IF the dreary weather is getting you down, these Sputnik ceiling lights will certainly brighten things up.
Sputnik jumped from a skydiving aircraft at an altitude of 4,500m and reached an average speed of 250kph.