Saint Albans(redirected from St Albans)
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Saint Albans(sānt ôl`bənz), city (1990 pop. 11,194), Kanawha co., W W.Va., at the junction of the Coal and Kanawha rivers; settled c.1790, inc. 1868. It is chiefly residential, with diverse light manufacturing. The battle of Scary Creek (1861) was fought nearby. West Virginia State Univ. is in the vicinity.
Saint Albans(sŭnt ôl`bənz), city and district (1991 pop. 76,709), Hertfordshire, E central England. The market city of Saint Albans has printing, engineering, and clothing industries. Many of its residents work in London. The city is the site of the Roman Verulamium, which was sacked during BoadiceaBoadicea
, d. A.D. 61, British queen of the Iceni (of Norfolk), properly called Boudicca. Her husband, King Prasutagus, died in A.D. 59 or 60, leaving half his property to the Roman emperor and half to his daughters.
..... Click the link for more information. 's revolt. King Offa of Mercia founded an abbey there in 793 to house the relics of Saint Alban, an early British martyr. The abbey and attached school (replaced by St. Alban's School in the 16th cent.) were made famous by Mathew of Paris and other chroniclers. The cathedral was built mostly in the 11th cent. under Paul of Caen, the first Norman abbot. Extensions and alterations were made in the 13th, 14th, and 19th cent. Part of nearby St. Michael's Church, which contains a memorial to Sir Francis BaconBacon, Francis,
1561–1626, English philosopher, essayist, and statesman, b. London, educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, and at Gray's Inn. He was the son of Sir Nicholas Bacon, lord keeper to Queen Elizabeth I.
..... Click the link for more information. , dates from the 10th cent. In the Wars of the Roses, St. Albans was the scene of a Yorkist victory in 1455 and a Lancastrian victory in 1461. Sarah Jennings Churchill, 1st duchess of MarlboroughMarlborough, Sarah Churchill, duchess of,
1660–1744, confidante of Queen Anne of England. Born Sarah Jennings, she was a childhood friend of Princess Anne. In 1677 she married John Churchill, later 1st duke of Marlborough.
..... Click the link for more information. , was born in nearby Holywell House.
a city in SE England, in W Hertfordshire: founded in 948 ad around the Benedictine abbey first built in Saxon times on the site of the martyrdom (about 303 ad) of St Alban; present abbey built in 1077; Roman ruins. Pop.: 82 429 (2001)