stages of development

stages of development

specific economic, cultural, social or political forms which societies are thought to have to pass through to achieve a given destination. The concept is commonly used in evolutionary and neoevolutionary approaches to SOCIAL CHANGE. In understanding economic change ROSTOW's approach rests upon the delineation of stages. The whole concept has been much criticized because:
  1. stages are difficult to identify, and there are as many different classifications of stages as there are authors;
  2. it tends to be associated with mechanistic and deterministic approaches to social change;
  3. European history is generally used to construct various stages which are then seen as necessary for other societies to pass through (see MODERNIZATION);
  4. diffusion from one society to another will affect stages in differing societies;
  5. it is difficult to show that any one stage is a necessary prerequisite for the next (see UNEVEN DEVELOPMENT).

    There is, however, some validity in the argument that there are very general stages which societies have to pass through, for example that an AGRARIAN SOCIETY has to exist before there can be an INDUSTRIAL SOCIETY, but there can be various forms contained within those categories. The history of the 20th-century in particular has shown that there are a variety of forms of agrarian society which experience transformations to industrial societies in a variety of ways. The fact that the variations seem to be finite does not necessarily justify the strong use of the concept of stages of development. See also INDUSTRIALIZATION. EVOLUTIONARY UNIVERSALS.

References in classic literature ?
If an egg survives it goes through all the stages of development that man has passed through during the unthinkable eons since life first moved upon the earth's face.
No Wieroos come up from the beginning--all are born of the Wieroo fathers and Galu mothers who are cos-ata-lo, and there are very few of the latter owing to the long and precarious stages of development.
The proletariat goes through various stages of development.
As I had been scrutinizing this weird monstrosity the balance of the herd had fed quite close to me and I now saw that while many had the smaller specimens dangling from them, not all were thus equipped, and I further noted that the little ones varied in size from what appeared to be but tiny unopened buds an inch in diameter through various stages of development to the full-fledged and perfectly formed creature of ten to twelve inches in length.
methods and stages of development characterizing the infancy of
That's so for all stages of development and classes of society.
In fact, from the origin of things down to the fifteenth century of the Christian era, inclusive, architecture is the great book of humanity, the principal expression of man in his different stages of development, either as a force or as an intelligence.
Summary: Yas Island's Ansam and Al Raha Beach's Al Hadeel are entering into the final stages of development
This word is used to describe an egg which has been fertilised by a sperm and is in the very early stages of development.
Islamabad -- Alternative Energy Development Board (AEDB) is pursuing and facilitating 33 wind power projects which are in different stages of development through collaboration of private sector.
The company also has other candidates in earlier stages of development, including a mid-stage oral therapy to treat chronic GI motility caused by diabetes.
The firm said in January that it had about 45 projects in various stages of development.