Stamp Act


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Related to Stamp Act: Stamp Act Congress, Intolerable Acts

Stamp Act,

1765, revenue law passed by the British Parliament during the ministry of George GrenvilleGrenville, George,
1712–70, British statesman, brother of Earl Temple. He entered Parliament in 1741, held several cabinet posts, and in 1763 became chief minister.
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. The first direct tax to be levied on the American colonies, it required that all newspapers, pamphlets, legal documents, commercial bills, advertisements, and other papers issued in the colonies bear a stamp. The revenue obtained from the sale of stamps was designated for colonial defense; while the means of raising revenue was novel, the application of such revenue to defense continued existing British policy.

The act was vehemently denounced in the colonies by those it most affected: businessmen, merchants, journalists, lawyers, and other powerful persons. Among these were Samuel AdamsAdams, Samuel,
1722–1803, political leader in the American Revolution, signer of the Declaration of Independence, b. Boston, Mass.; second cousin of John Adams. An unsuccessful businessman, he became interested in politics and was a member (1765–74) and clerk
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, Christopher GadsdenGadsden, Christopher
, 1724–1805, American Revolutionary leader, b. Charleston, S.C., educated in England. He returned to Charleston (1746) and became a wealthy merchant.
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, Patrick HenryHenry, Patrick,
1736–99, political leader in the American Revolution, b. Hanover co., Va. Largely self-educated, he became a prominent trial lawyer. Henry bitterly denounced (1765) the Stamp Act and in the years that followed helped fan the fires of revolt in the South.
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, John DickinsonDickinson, John,
1732–1808, American patriot and statesman, b. Talbot co., Md. After studying law in Philadelphia and in London at the Middle Temple, he developed a highly successful practice in Philadelphia.
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, John LambLamb, John,
1735–1800, American Revolutionary leader, b. New York City. Prior to the Revolution he was a leader of the Sons of Liberty in New York and helped form the New York committee of correspondence to coordinate anti-British activity.
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, Joseph WarrenWarren, Joseph,
1741–75, political leader in the American Revolution, b. Roxbury, Mass. A Boston physician, he participated in the agitation against the Stamp Act (1765).
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, and Paul RevereRevere, Paul,
1735–1818, American silversmith and political leader in the American Revolution, b. Boston. In his father's smithy he learned to work gold and silver, and he became a leading silversmith of New England.
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. Associations known as the Sons of LibertySons of Liberty,
secret organizations formed in the American colonies in protest against the Stamp Act (1765). They took their name from a phrase used by Isaac Barré in a speech against the Stamp Act in Parliament, and were organized by merchants, businessmen, lawyers,
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 were formed to organize opposition to the Stamp Act. Merchants boycotted English goods; stamp distributors were forced to resign and stamps were destroyed; and the Massachusetts legislature, at the suggestion of James OtisOtis, James,
1725–83, American colonial political leader, b. Barnstable co., Mass. A lawyer first in Plymouth and then in Boston, he won great distinction and served (1756–61) as advocate general of the vice admiralty court.
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, issued a call for a general congress to find means of resisting the law.

The Stamp Act Congress, which met in Oct., 1765, in New York City, included delegates from New York, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Delaware, South Carolina, Maryland, and Connecticut. The congress adopted the Declaration of Rights and Grievances; it declared that freeborn Englishmen could not be taxed without their consent, and, since the colonists were not represented in Parliament, any tax imposed on them without the consent of their colonial legislatures was unconstitutional. Faced with a loss of trade, Parliament repealed the Stamp Act in 1766.

Bibliography

See J. L. Bullion, A Great and Necessary Measure: George Grenville and the Genesis of the Stamp Act (1983); E. S. and H. M. Morgan, The Stamp Act Crisis (rev. ed. 1983).

Stamp Act

legislative development contributing to American Revolution (1765). [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 475]

Stamp Act

unfair revenue law imposed upon American colonies by Britain (1765). [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 475]
References in periodicals archive ?
In their address to the House of Lords, the Stamp Act Congress complained of unfair treatment.
Because the Sugar and Stamp Acts were the first acts designed solely to generate revenue for the British government, they drew the ire of the colonists.
50) Brought by the same attorneys as Moreno, Murry was a constitutional attack on another part of the 1971 amendments to the Food Stamp Act, one to [section] 5(b) of the Food Stamp Act making an entire household ineligible if any adult member of the household was claimed as a dependent for federal income tax purposes by a member of an ineligible household.
When he testified before the House of Commons in 1766 he did not invoke principle against the Stamp Act but rather noted "there is not gold and silver enough in the colonies to pay the stamp duty for one year.
The Duck Stamp Act passed into law in 1934 with Darling himself creating the artwork for the first stamp.
During the meeting, the Central Board of Direct Taxes was told to have a relook at the issue by taking into consideration the provision enumerated in the Stamp Act also.
In this letter, it has been clarified that stamp duty is not chargeable under Article 35(c) of Schedule 1-A of the Indian Stamp Act on any amount of security deposit, which is refundable at the time of termination of the lease.
The states that do not have a Stamp Act will be governed by the Indian Stamp Act, which is a central act.
Congressman Eric Olivarez said his proposed Philippine Tourism Stamp Act would be a boost for the country's tourism industry.
Rutkow describes how in 1765 the threat of a new tax, the Stamp Act, caused consternation in Boston.
He describes the tea trade and tea popularity; the British trading empire; the Stamp Act crisis; the Boston Massacre; the tea tax; political ideas and parties during the period; the problem of taxation without representation; political agitators like the Sons of Liberty; frontier economics; and lessons from the Tea Party.
Similarly, in a New York City tavern, some 200 merchants pledged to stop buying anything British until Parliament repealed the Stamp Act.