Standard Fuel

Fuel, Standard

an arbitrary unit used in calculations of organic fuels to compare efficiencies of different types of fuel and to make general evaluations. One kilogram of fuel with a heat of combustion of 7,000 Calories (kcal) per kg (29.3 megajoules per kg) is the unit of standard fuel used in the USSR. The ratio between the standard fuel and a natural fuel is given by the formula

where Bst is the weight of an equivalent amount of standard fuel (in kg), Bn is the weight of the natural fuel (in kg for liquid and solid fuels or in m3 for gaseous fuels), is the minimum heat of combustion of the given natural fuel (in kcal/kg or kcal/m3), and is the caloric equivalent. The values of E are 1.4 for petroleum, 0.93 for coke, 0.4 for peat, and 1.2 for natural gas.

The concept of a standard fuel is especially convenient for comparing the costs of different thermal power installations. For example, the amount of standard fuel consumed to produce a unit of electric power is often used in calculations in power engineering. This value, g, is expressed in grams of standard fuel required to produce 1 kilowatt-hour of electric energy and is related to the efficiency η of the power installation by the formula g = 860/7η. The concept of a standard fuel is also useful in computing the fuel balance or total energy balance of an industry, a country, or the world.

In some countries, different values for a standard fuel have been adopted. In France, for example, the standard fuel is taken to have either a minimum heat of combustion of 6,500 kcal/kg (27.3 megajoules per kg) or a maximum heat of combustion of 6,750 kcal/kg (28.3 megajoules per kg). In the USA and Great Britain, a unit equal to 1018 British thermal units (36 billion tons of standard fuel) is taken as the large unit of standard fuel.

I. N. ROZENGAUZ

References in periodicals archive ?
The public procurement is subject to delivery of a standard fuel boiler, a total quantity of 6,000 tonnes over a calendar year.
Quarry Green confirmed their presence in the top three after 4-0 then a 7-1 win over Linton while JOB won both their games against Standard Fuel Oils 1-0.
At par with its Europen counterpart"Euro-VI", under the BS-VI standard fuel, petrol and diesel are at the same level of emissions.
Ministry of Commerce and Investment (MCI) inspection teams shut down fuel pumps at a location in Jeddah's Al-Harazat district on Monday, after "91" petrol was allegedly mixed with "95" standard fuel.
5ltr variants (S, SV and SL) and offers standard fuel economy of 17.
Oddly, Iran is not selling the higher standard fuel in Zabol, which has the second worst pollution levels in the country.
It also comes equipped with predictive forward collision warning, blind spot warning, forward emergency braking, and rear cross traffic alert and has a standard fuel economy of 13.
South Africa's oil refineries are not ready and will not be ready to produce Euro 4 standard fuel, let alone Euro 6, which the world is moving to by 2017 or 2020 in preparation for the introduction of more fuel-efficient vehicles," he said in an opinion piece in Johannesburg-based Business Report newspaper.
Recommended horsepower is 200 to 350 and the standard fuel capacity is 96 gallons.
The standard fuel tank has a capacity of over 900 litres and can provide power for a full work shift at full load.
Coriolis fuel meter, designed to better the business of African ship owners, gives a more accurate way of measuring fuel on boat than the standard fuel meter used on boat today.
The rest of India gets Bharat Stage III standard fuel and vehicles, which is very polluting.

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